The Cambridge Companion to Jung

CHRONOLOGY

Jung was a prolific writer, and the work listed in this chronological outline of his life is highly selective.

The majority are articles that first appeared in psychiatric journals.

The evolution of his reputation and influence grew from the various “collections” of his articles that began to be published from1916.

Dates are mostly those of original publication, usually in German, but titles are given in English translation.

  1. Early years

1875 July 26 Born in Kesswil, in the Canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. His father, Johann Paul Achilles Jung, is the Protestant clergyman
in Kesswil; his mother, Emilie, ne´e Preiswerk, is the daughter of a well-established Basel family

1879 Family moves to Klein-Hu¨ ningen, near Basel

1884 July 17 Birth of sister, Johanna Gertrud (d.1935)

1886 At the Basel Gymnasium

1888 Jung’s father becomes chaplain at the Friedmatt Mental Hospital in Basel

1895 April 18 Enters Medical School, Basel University. A month later, becomes a member of the student society, the Zofingiaverein

1896 January 28 Death of father Between November 1896 and January 1899, gives five lectures to the Zofingia Society (CW A)

1898 Participates in group interested in the mediumistic capabilities of his fifteen-year-old cousin, Helene Preiswerk. His notes will form
the basis of his subsequent dissertation (see 1902)

1900 Completes his medical studies; decides to become a psychiatrist; does his first period of military service

  1. The young psychiatrist: at the Burgholzli

About two years after assuming his first post, Jung begins his experiments with “word association tests” (1902–1906). Patients are asked to give their immediate “association” to a stimulus word.

The purpose is to reveal that even slight delays in responding to a particular word reveal an aspect of a “complex”: Jung was the first to use this term in its present sense.

He continues developing his association test until 1909 and, intermittently, applies it to patients throughout his life. Variants of it are still used today.

His findings draw him toward ideas being developed by Freud.

1900

December 11 Assumes duties as Assistant Staff Physician to Eugen Bleuler at the Burgholzli, the Psychiatric Hospital for the canton of Zurich, which was also the university’s research clinic

1902

Publication of his thesis, “On the Psychology and Pathology of So-Called Occult Phenomena” (CW 1). It anticipates some of his
later ideas, notably,

(a) that the unconscious is more “sensitive” than consciousness,

(b) that a psychological disturbance has a teleological significance, and

(c) that the unconscious spontaneously produces mythological material.

To Paris, for the winter semester 1902–1903, to study theoretical psychopathology at the Salpetriere under Pierre Janet

1903 February 14 Marries Emma Rauschenbach (1882–1955), the daughter of a wealthy industrialist from Schaffhausen

  1. The psychoanalytic years

Jung’s meeting with the Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) – the founder of psychoanalysis – was undoubtedly the major event of his early years.

Freud was the author of Studies in Hysteria (with Josef Breuer, 1895), which includes an account of the case of “Anna O”, The Interpretation
of Dreams (1900), Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious, “Dora” (a case study), and Three Essays on Sexuality (all 1905).

Psychoanalysis, a term he coined in 1896, refers to a method of treating patients by letting them talk freely and come to terms with their problems in the light of the analyst’s observations.

Freud worked mostly with neurotic patients.

The question facing Jung, who had quoted from The Interpretation of  Dreams in his thesis (publ. 1902), was, “Could psychoanalysis be used with equal success with the psychotic patients whom he attended at the Burgholzli?”

(a) Years of agreement 1903 Jung and Bleuler begin to seriously interest themselves in the ideas of Sigmund Freud: this represents the first step in the internationalization of psychoanalysis

1904 August 17 Sabina Spielrein (1885–1941), a young Russian woman, is interned at the Burgho¨ lzli: she is the first patient that Jung treats for hysteria using psychoanalytic techniques

December 26 Agatha, his first daughter, is born

1905 Promoted to Senior Staff Physician, Burgholzli Appointed Privatdozent (¼ lecturer) in Psychiatry at the University of Zurich

Sabina Spielrein, still under Jung’s supervision, registers as a medical student at the University of Zurich; she graduates in 1911 1906

February 8 His second daughter, Anna, is born

“The Psychology of Dementia Praecox [i.e. schizophrenia]” (CW 3). This represents a major extension of Freud’s work Begins corresponding with Freud, who lives in Vienna

Publication of a young American woman’s own account of her vivid fantasies (Miss Frank Miller, “Some Instances of Subconscious
Creative Imagination”): Jung’s extended analysis of this article eventually brings about his separation from Freud, although whether Jung read the article before 1910, the earliest date he is known to have been working on it, is not known

1907

January 1 Freud, in a letter to Jung, describes him as “the ablest helper to have joined me thus far”

March 3 Jung visits Freud in Vienna. They quickly develop a close professional friendship. It very soon becomes clear that Freud thinks of Jung as his “heir”

1908

January 16 Lecture: “The Content of the Psychoses” (CW 3) Jung analyzes, and is analyzed by, Otto Gross

April 27 First Congress for Freudian Psychology (often called the “First International Psychoanalytic Congress”), in Salzburg

“The Freudian Theory of Hysteria” (CW 4) xxv

Jung buys some land in Kusnacht, on the shore of the Lake of Zurich, and has a large, three-floor house built

November 28 Birth of his only son, Franz

1909

March publication of first number of the Jahrbuch fu¨ r psychoanalytische und psychopathologische Forschungen, the organ of the psychoanalytic movement: Jung is editor.

Jung resigns from his position at the Burgholzli Psychiatric Hospital and moves to his new house in Kusnacht, where he lives for the rest
of his life.

He is now dependent on his private practice Jung’s affair with Sabina Spielrein at its most intense from 1909 to 1910

September 6–11 In the USA, with Freud, at Clark University, Worcester ,Mass.; on the 11th, they both receive honorary doctorates

Jung’s first recorded experiment with active imagination

October Writes to Freud: “Archeology or rather mythology has got me in its grip”: mythology absorbs him until the end of World War I
“The Significance of the Father in the Destiny of the Individual” (rev. 1949, CW 4)

1910

Late January Jung gives a lecture to science students: possibly his first public formulation of what later becomes his concept of the
collective unconscious

March 30–31

Second International Congress of Psycho-Analysis, Nuremberg. He is appointed its Permanent President (resigns 1914)

Summer At the University of Zurich, gives first lecture course on “Introduction to Psychoanalysis”

“The Association Method” (CW 2)

September 20 His third daughter, Marianne, born

1911

August Publication of first part of “Symbols and Transformations of the Libido”: there is very little in this that departs from orthodox
psychoanalysis of the time

August In Brussels, lectures on “Psychoanalysis of a Child”

Beginning of relationship with Toni Wolff

November 29 Sabina Spielrein reads her chapter “On Transformation” at Freud’s Vienna Society; the whole work, “Destruction as the Cause of Coming To Be” is published in the Jahrbuch in

1912: it anticipates both Freud’s “death wish” and Jung’s views on “transformation;” it was undoubtedly a major influence on both men; she became a Freudian analyst, continued corresponding with Jung until the early 1920s, returned to Russia, and was probably
shot by the Germans in July 1942

(b) Years of dissent

1912

“New Paths in Psychology” (CW 7)

February Jung finishes “The Sacrifice,” the final section of part two of “Symbols and Transformations of the Libido.” Freud is displeased
with what Jung tells him of his findings; their correspondence begins to get more tense

February 25 Jung founds The Society for Psychoanalytic Endeavors, the first forum for debating his own distinct adaptation of psychoanalysis “Concerning Psychoanalysis” (CW 4)

September Lectures at Fordham University, New York: “The Theory of Psychoanalysis” sets out Jung’s departures from Freud:

(a) the view that repression cannot explain all conditions;

(b) that unconscious images can have a teleological significance; and

(c) libido, which he called psychic energy, is not exclusively sexual

September Publication of part two of “Symbols and Transformations of the Libido,” in which Jung proposes that fantasies of incest have a symbolic rather than literal meaning

1913 Break with Freud. Freud is shaken by the split; Jung is devastated. The stress it occasions contributes to an almost complete nervous breakdown which had been threatening since late 1912, when he had begun to have vivid, catastrophic dreams and waking visions.

He resigns from his post at the University of Zurich, ostensibly because his private practice had grown so large, but more probably owing to his state of health. In the midst of these difficulties,

American philanthropists, Edith and Harold McCormick, settle in Zurich. She has analysis with Jung and is the first of several wealthy and very generous sponsors.

  1. Beginnings of analytical psychology

For most of the First World War, Jung was wrestling with his own nervous exhaustion.

He turns to Toni Wolff (who had been his patient from 1910 to 1913) to help him through this difficult period, which lasts until about 1919 (his close relationship with Toni Wolff continues until her death in 1953).

While he produces relatively little new work, he does consolidate some of his findings to date. He had difficulty deciding what to call his brand of psychoanalysis.

Between 1913 and 1916, he calls it both “complex psychology” and “hermeneutical psychology” before finally deciding on “analytical psychology.”

1913 Publication of “The Theory of Psychoanalysis” (CW 4) “General Aspects of Psychoanalysis” (CW 4)

1914 Resigns Presidency of International Congress of Psychoanalysis Outbreak of World War I

1916

Founds the Psychological Club, Zurich: the McCormicks donate generous property, which gradually becomes a forum for visiting
speakers from different disciplines as well as the forum for his own lecture-seminars

His international standing is enhanced by two translations:

Beatrice Hinkle’s translation of “Symbols and Transformations of the Libido” as Psychology of the Unconscious (CW B) and Collected Papers on Analytical Psychology, which includes Jung’s most important articles to date (CW 8)

“The Structure of the Unconscious” (CW 7): first use of terms “personal unconscious,” “collective unconscious,” and “individuation”

“The Transcendent Function” (CW 8) Begins to develop an interest in Gnostic writings, and, following a personal experience with active imagination, produces Seven Sermons to the Dead

1917 “On the Psychology of the Unconscious” (CW 7)

1918 Jung first identifies the Self as the goal of psychic development “The Role of the Unconscious” (CW 10)

End of World War I Period of military service

1919 “Instinct and the Unconscious” (CW 8): first use of term “archetype”

  1. Analytical psychology and individuation

In 1920, Jung was forty-five. He had come through a difficult “mid-life” crisis with a growing international reputation. During the next few years he traveled widely, mostly in order to visit “primitive” peoples. It was also during this period that he began to retire to Bollingen, a second home that he built for himself (see below).

(a) Years of travel

1920 Visits Algiers and Tunis

1921

Publication of Psychological Types (CW 6), in which he develops his ideas about two “attitudes” (extraversion/introversion), and four “functions” (thinking/sensation and feeling/intuition); first extensive claim for Self as the goal of psychic development

1922

Buys some isolated land on the shore of the Lake of Zurich, about twenty-five miles east of his home in Ku¨ snacht and a mile from a
hamlet called Bollingen

“On the Relation of Analytical Psychology to Poetry” (CW 15)

1923

Death of Jung’s mother

Jung learns how to cut and dress stone and, with only occasional professional help, sets about building a second home composed of
a thick-set tower; later he adds a loggia, another tower, and an annexe; he does not install electricity or a telephone. He calls it simply “Bollingen” and, for the remainder of his life, he retires there to seek quiet and renewal. He also takes up carving in stone, for therapeutic rather than artistic purposes

July

At Polzeath, Cornwall, to give a seminar, in English, on “Human Relationships in Relation to the Process of Individuation”

Richard Wilhelm lectures at the Psychological Club

1924

Visits the United States, and travels with friends to visit Taos Pueblo, New Mexico. He is impressed by the simplicity of the Pueblo Indians

1925

March 23–July 16 In Zurich, he gives a course of sixteen lecture seminars on “Analytical Psychology” (CW Seminars 3)

Visits London

July–August At Swanage, England, gives seminar on “Dreams and Symbolism”

Goes on a safari to Kenya, where he spends several weeks with the Elgonyi on Mount Elgon

“Marriage as a Psychological Relationship” (CW 17)

1926 Returns from Africa via Egypt (b) Re-formulating the aims of analytical psychology

Four characteristics of this period:

(1) the first of several fruitful collaborations with someone working in a different discipline (Richard Wilhelm, who introduced him to Chinese alchemy);

(2) arising from this, a growing
interest in Western alchemy;

(3) the appearance of the first major study in English by an analyst influenced by Jung;

(4) increasing use of “seminars” as a vehicle by which to communicate his ideas.

1927

To Darmstadt, Germany, to lecture at Count Hermann Keyserling’s “School of Wisdom”

“The Structure of the Psyche” (CW 8)

“Woman in Europe” (CW 10)

“Introduction” to Frances Wickes, The Inner World of Childhood (rev. 1965), the first major work by an analyst inspired by Jung

1928

“The Relations between the Ego and the Unconscious” (CW 7)

“On Psychic Energy” (CW 8)

“The Spiritual Problem of Modern Man” (CW 10)

“The Significance of the Unconscious in Individual Education” (CW 17)

November 7 Begins seminar on “Dream Analysis,” until June 25,

1930

(CW Seminars 1)

Publication of two further English translations that advance Jung’s standing in America and England:

(1) Contributions to Analytical Psychology (New York and London), which includes a selection of most important recent articles, and

(2) Two Essays in Analytical Psychology (CW 7)

1929

“Commentary” on Richard Wilhelm’s translation of the Chinese classic The Secret of the Golden Flower (CW 13)

“Paracelsus” (CW 15), first of his essays on Western alchemy. He seeks the assistance of Marie-Louise von Franz, then a young student already fluent in Latin and Greek, and she continues to help him with his research into alchemy for the rest of his life

1930

Becomes Vice-President of the General Medical Society for Psychotherapy

“The Stages of Life” (CW 8)

“Psychology and Literature” (CW 15)

In Zurich, begins two series of seminars:

(1) “The Psychology of Individuation” (“The German Seminar”), from October 6, 1930 to

October 10, 1931; and

(2) “The Interpretation of Visions” (“The Visions Seminar”), from October 15, 1930 to March 21, 1934 (CW Seminars 1)

1931

“Basic Postulates of Analytical Psychology” (CW 8)

“The Aims of Psychotherapy” (CW 16)

1932

“Psychotherapists or the Clergy” (CW 11)

“Sigmund Freud in His Historical Setting” (CW 15)

“Ulysses: A Monologue”

“Picasso”
Awarded Literary Prize by the City of Zurich

October 3–8

J. W. Hauer gives a seminar on Kundalini yoga at the Psychology Club, Zurich. Hauer had recently founded the German Faith Movement, which was designed to promote a religion/ religious outlook rooted in “the biological and spiritual depths of the German nation,” as against Christianity, which he saw as too markedly Semitic

from October 12 Jung gives four weekly seminars on “A Psychological Commentary on Kundalini Yoga” (CW Seminars 1)

1933 Begins lecturing at the Eidgeno¨ ssische Technische Hochschule (ETH), Zurich

Attends first “Eranos” meeting at Ascona, Switzerland. Delivers paper on “A Study in the Process of Individuation” (CW 9.i).

Eranos
(Gk. = “shared feast”) was the name chosen by Rudolf Otto for annual meetings at the home of Frau Olga Froebe-Kapteyn, whose
original purpose was to explore links between Western and Eastern thinking.

From 1933, these meetings offered Jung an opportunity to discuss new ideas with a wide variety of other thinkers, including
Heinrich Zimmer, Martin Buber, and others.

Made President of the General Medical Society for Psychotherapy, which, soon after, comes under Nazi supervision Becomes editor of its journal, the Zentralblatt fu¨ r Psychotherapie und ihre Grenzgebiete, Leipzig (resigns 1939)

Modern Man in Search of a Soul (New York and London), another collection of recent articles: quickly becomes standard “introduction”
to Jung’s ideas

  1. Further ideas on archetypal images Jung was fifty-eight in July 1933, the year the Nazis came to power.

He was seventy when the war ended. These were tense and difficult times, even in neutral Switzerland.

Jung chose to retain his post as President of the International General Medical Society for Psychotherapy after the Nazis had seized power and excluded Jewish members from the German chapter.

Although he claimed that he made the decision in order to ensure that Jews were able to remain members of other chapters, and so continue to participate in professional debates, many have questioned his judgment in failing to resign.

Charges of anti-Semitism began to be leveled at him, even though his Jewish colleagues, friends, and students defended him.

The rise of Nazism and the ensuing war form the background to the gradual elaboration of his theory of archetypal images.

(a) While Europe drifts toward war

1933 October 20 Begins seminar on “Modern Psychology,” to July 12, 1935

1934 Founds and becomes first President of International General

Medical Society for Psychotherapy

May 2 Begins seminar on “Nietzsche’s Zarathustra”: eighty-six sessions, lasting until February 15, 1939 (CW Seminars 2)

2nd Eranos meeting: “Archetypes of the Collective Unconscious” (CW 9.i)

“A Review of the Complex Theory” (CW 8)

“The State of Psychotherapy Today” (CW 10)

“The Practical Use of Dream Analysis” (CW 16)

“The Development of the Personality” (CW 17)

1935

Appointed Professor at the ETH

Founds the Swiss Society for Practical Psychology

3rd Eranos meeting: “Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process” (revised as “Individual Dream Symbolism in Relation to
Alchemy,” 1936, CW 12)

To Bad Nauheim, for 8th General Medical Congress for Psychotherapy, Presidential Address (CW 10)

“Psychological Commentary” on W. Y. Evans-Wentz (ed.), The Tibetan Book of the Dead (CW 11)

“Principles of Psychotherapy” (CW 16)

In London, gives five lectures for the Institute of Medical Psychology: “Analytical Psychology: Its Theory and Practice” (“The Tavistock Lectures,” publ. 1968) (CW 18)

1936

“The Concept of the Collective Unconscious” (CW 9.i)

“Concerning the Archetypes, with Special Reference to the Anima Concept” (CW 9.i)

“Wotan” (CW 10)

“Yoga and the West” (CW 11)

4th Eranos meeting: “Religious Ideas in Alchemy” (CW 12)

To the United States, to lecture at Harvard, where he receives an honorary doctorate, and to give two seminars on “Dream Symbols
of the Individuation Process,” at Bailey Island, Maine (September, 20–25,) and in New York city (October 16–18 and 25–26)

Inauguration of the Analytical Psychology Club,New York, presided over by M. Esther Harding, Eleanor Bertine, and Kristine Mann

At ETH, Zurich, winter semester 1936–1937: seminar on “The Psychological Interpretation of Children’s Dreams” (repeated 1938–1939, 1939–1940)

1937

5th Eranos meeting: “The Visions of Zosimos” (CW 13)

To United States, to give “Terry Lectures” at Yale University, published as Psychology and Religion (CW 11)

To Copenhagen, for 9th International Medical Congress for Psychotherapy: Presidential Address (CW 10)

To India, for fifth anniversary of University of Calcutta, at invitation of British Government of India

1938

January Awarded Honorary Doctorates by the universities of Calcutta, Benares, and Allahabad: Jung unable to attend 6th Eranos meeting: “Psychological Aspects of the Mother Archetype” (CW 9.i)

July 29–August 2 In Oxford, England, for 10th International Medical Congress for Psychotherapy: Presidential Address: “Views Held in Common by the Different Schools of Psychotherapy

Represented at the Congress” (CW 10)

Receives an honorary doctorate from the University of Oxford

October 28 Begins seminar on “The Process of Individuation in Eastern Texts,” until June 23, 1939

1939

May 15 Elected an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine, London

(b) During World War II

1939

Outbreak of World War II

Resigns editorship of the Zentralblatt fu¨ r Psychotherapie und ihre Grenzgebiete

7th Eranos meeting: “Concerning Rebirth” (CW 9.i) Paul and Mary

Mellon attend. Paul Mellon (b. 1907) was a wealthy young philanthropist and art-collector; his first wife, Mary (1904–1946), wanted
to settle in Zurich to have analysis with Jung, to see whether it could help her asthma. The subsequent generosity of the Mellons did
much to help disseminate Jung’s ideas (see 1942,1949)

“What Can India Teach Us?”

“Psychological Commentary” on The Tibetan Book of the Great
Liberation (CW 11)

“Foreword” to D. T. Suzuki, Introduction to Zen Buddhism (CW11)

Begins seminar on “The Process of Individuation: The Exercitia Spiritualia of St. Ignatius ofLoyola” (June 16, 1939 toMarch 8, 1940)

1940

The Integration of the Personality (New York and London), selection of recent articles

8th Eranos meeting: “A Psychological Approach to the Trinity” (CW 11)

“The Psychology of the Child Archetype” (CW 9.i)

November 8 Begins seminar on “The Process of Individuation in Alchemy: 1,” until February 28, 1941

1941

May 2–July 11 Seminar: “The Process of Individuation in Alchemy: 2”

To Ascona, for the 9th Eranos meeting: “Transformation Symbolism in the Mass” (CW 11)

“The Psychological Aspects of Kore” (CW 9.i)

1942

January 6 The Bollingen Foundation is established in New York and Washington D.C., with Mary Mellon as President: the editorial board includes Heinrich Zimmer and Edgar Wind

After nine years, resigns post at ETH

10th Eranos meeting: “The Spirit Mercurius” (CW 13)

“Paracelsus as a Spiritual Phenomenon” (CW 13)

1943

Elected Honorary Member of Swiss Academy of Sciences

“The Psychology of Eastern Meditation” (CW 11)

“Psychotherapy and a Philosophy of Life” (CW 16)

“The Gifted Child” (CW 17)

1944

The University of Basel creates a chair in Medical Psychology for him; illness compels him to resign from the post the following year
Further health problems: suffers a broken foot; has a heart attack; has a series of visions

Edits, and writes introduction, “The Holy Men of India,” to Heinrich Zimmer, The Path to Selfhood (CW 11)

Psychology and Alchemy (CW 12), based on papers delivered at Eranos meetings of 1935 and 1936

1945 In honor of his seventieth birthday, receives an honorary doctorate from the University of Geneva

13th Eranos meeting: “The Phenomenology of the Spirit in Fairytales” (CW 9.i)

(c) After the war

“After the Catastrophe” (CW 10)

“The Philosophical Tree” (CW 13)

1946 14th Eranos meeting: “The Spirit of Psychology,” revised as “On the Nature of the Psyche” (CW 8)

Essays on Contemporary Events (CW 10): collection of recent essays

“The Fight with the Shadow” (CW 10)

“The Psychology of the Transference” (CW 16)

1947

Begins to spend long periods at Bollingen

1948

April 24 Opening of the C. G. Jung Institute of Zurich (cf. CW 18) It serves as a training center for would-be analysts, as well as a
general lecture venue. In time, a great many other institutes have been founded, notably in the USA (e.g. New York, San Francisco,
Los Angeles)

To Ascona, for 16th Eranos meeting “On the Self” (became ch. 4 of Aion, CW 9.ii)

1949

The first Bollingen Prize for Poetry is awarded to Ezra Pound During the war, Pound, who was living in Italy, had broadcast Fascist
propaganda. When Italy was liberated, he was detained in a cage near Pisa, where he wrote the first draft of his Pisan Cantos, before being repatriated to the USA, where he was to stand trial for treason. But, in December 1945, he was committed to St. Elizabeth’s Hospital for the insane, where he translated Confucius and entertained literary visitors.

The award to a traitor and a lunatic created a politico-literary furor, into which Jung’s name was dragged as a Fascist sympathizer. The result was that, on August 19, Congress passed a ruling forbidding its Library to award any more prizes.

Yale University Library quickly assumed responsibility for the Prize (which, in 1950, was awarded to Wallace Stevens), but the whole episode
did a lot of damage, not least to Jung.

  1. The late works

Jung was seventy-four at the time of the Bollingen Prize scandal. To his credit, he continued his research for Aion (1951) undeterred, and also began revising many of his earlier works.

1950

With K. Kerenyi, Essays on a Science of Mythology (New York)/Introduction to a Science of Mythology (London): it contains

Jung’s two articles, on the archetypes of the “Child” (1940) and “Kore” (1941)

“Concerning Mandala Symbolism” (CW 9.i)

“Foreword” to the Chinese Classic, The I Ching, or Book of Changes, tr. and ed. Richard Wilhelm (CW 11)

1951

To Ascona, for 19th Eranos meeting: “On Synchronicity” (CW 8)

Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self (CW 9.ii)

“Fundamental Questions of Psychotherapy” (CW 16)

1952

“Synchronicity: An Acausal Connecting Principle” (CW 8)
Answer to Job (CW 11)

Symbols of Transformation (rev. from 1911 to 1912) (CW 5)

1953

The Bollingen Series begins publishing The Collected Works of C. G. Jung (until 1976, and Seminars still in course of publication)

1954

“On the Psychology of the Trickster Figure” in Paul Radin, The Trickster: A Study in American Indian Mythology (CW 9.i)

Von den Wurzeln des Bewusstseins (= From the Roots of Consciousness), new collection of essays; appears in German, but not in English

1955

With W. Pauli, The Interpretation of Nature and the Psyche: Jung’s contribution consisted of his essay on “Synchronicity” (1952)

In honor of his eightieth birthday, receives an honorary doctorate from the Eidgeno¨ ssische Technische Hochschule, Zurich Mysterium
Coniunctionis: An Inquiry into the Separation and Synthesis of Psychic Opposites in Alchemy (CW 14). This is his final statement
on alchemy

November 27 Death of Emma Jung

1956

“Why and How I Wrote my ‘Answer to Job’” (CW 11)

1957

The Undiscovered Self (CW 10)

Begins recounting his “memories” to Aniela Jaffe´

August 5–8 Jung is filmed in four one-hour interviews with Richard I. Evans, a Professor of Psychology at the University of Houston
(“The Houston Films”)

1958

Memories, Dreams, Reflections, German edition. It is now realized that this work, which used to be read as autobiography, is the
product of very careful editing both by Jung and Jaffe´

Flying Saucers: A Modern Myth (CW 10)

1959 October 22 The “Face to Face” Interview, with John Freeman, BBC television

1960 Made Honorary Citizen of Kusnacht on his eighty-fifth birthday “Foreword” to Miguel Serrano, The Visits of the Queen of Sheba
(Bombay and London: Asia Publishing House)

1961 June 6 After a brief illness, dies at his home in Kusnacht, Zurich

1962 Memories, Dreams, Reflections, recorded and edited by Aniela Jaffe´ (translation published 1963, New York and London)

1964 “Approaching the Unconscious,” in Man and His Symbols, ed.

C. G. Jung and, after his death, by M.-L. von Franz

1973 Letters: 1: 1906–1950 (Princeton and London)

1974

The Freud/Jung Letters: The Correspondence between Sigmund Freud and C. G. Jung (Princeton and London)

1976

Letters: 2: 1951–1961 (Princeton and London)