Modern Psychology: C. G. Jung’s Lectures at the ETH Zürich, 1933-1941

Lecture VIII 21st June 1935

The cloister, which our patient came to after her brief glimpse of the sun, belongs to sun symbolism, it is, so to speak, a piece of it.

I gave you a parallel last time in the four-fold Tai-gi-tu – a Chinese temple picture.

This belongs to the secret teaching of the Yoga and is difficult to understand as we are not initiated.

I am not versed in all the secrets of it, and have to thank my deceased friend, Richard Wilhelm, for all that I do know about it.

We will go on speaking of the problem of the sun vision today.

It would be surprising if we did not find it in India, as well as in China; India is richer in pictures and poorer in philosophy than China .

This parallel comes from the Tantra Yoga philosophy which was developed later.

Fortunately an Englishman, Sir John Woodroffe, had himself initiated and published some books about it under the name of Avalon.

Chief among them is the “Serpent Power” from which I have brought you the following extracts:

” At the c entre of the region of the navel is the lotus Manipura, so-called . . . . . . . because, owing to the presence of the fiery Tejas, it is lustrous as a gem. It is a lotus of ten petals.”

The cakra Manipura has its centre in the region of the Solar Plexus.

Its petals are the color of rain clouds which cover the lotus blue. In the middle of the triangle is the Bija of Fire,

Ram, and just above it is the Bindu Point, which plays an important role as the symbolic dwelling house of the gods.

Meditation is advised on the region of the fire, a triangle which is light as the rising sun.

The text says:

“The triangle has three swastikas.”

These turn i n the opposite direction to the German swastika.

“The red Bija of fire, ‘ Ram’, is seated on a ram, the carrier of Agni, the lord of fire. Here is the old red Rudra smeared with white ashes.”

His hands make the gestures of giving and taking, he is the destroyer and creator. We must not forget that this is the region of the navel where we feel.

It is a western prejudice that we think and feel in the head, American Indians know that this only happens if things are out of order.

These cakras are all old psychological localizations.

Primitives are so unconscious that nothing registers with them unless it affects their hearts or their stomachs and the same thing happens continually with us also.

We do not notice an emotion till a digestive disturbance draws attention to it.

We prefer, it is true, to identify with our heads and remain above all these things, but we can only do this at the cost of the unconscious centers below, and today the problem of the

Sun Vision is making itself felt in the region of the Solar Plexus.

The water region below Manipura is very unconscious, it is the s eat of a sort of dog psychology.

The dog asks to be let out of the room when he needs to go.

Children’s psychology begins there, but they quickly creep up out of it.

Ram is the sign of the Spring equinox, Mars is associated with him, a fiery red God.

He was the God of the doctors in the Middle Ages.

The Indian cakra Manipura is three-fold in contrast to the Chinese but the lowest cakra Muladhara is four-fold, for it is right down on the earth; this is like the Chinese who cling to the yellow earth.

There are ten petals in the Manipura cakra.

It is doubtful whether the triangle’s Swastikas are re ally Swastikas, they look like the three handled pot, an alchemic idea. It would be very suitable here as the text continues:

“The Shakti Lakin!, who as the Devata of this digestive region, is said to be fond of animal food and whose breasts are ruddy with the blood and fat which drop from her mouth.”

Here is the primeval form of the God and Goddess.

Rudra is the old Vedic God, a Bellower of Frightfulness, a Destroyer and Healer.

He is a forerunner of Siva.

After Manipura we pass through the diaphragm.

The God was negative below and positive above the diaphragm, the meat-eating gods are to be found in the lower centers, the Shaktis of the higher centers are not meat-eaters.

In earlier times there was nothing above the diaphragm.

The commentary says: “Rudra should here be meditated upon as seated on a bull “.

The Bull is the next astrological sign to the Ram so Rudra is seated on the Bull of Heaven.

This god, in his original, primeval form consists of wild, untamed instinct and emotions.

He and his Shakti are a very wild pair of Gods who react in every direction.

They arose out of Brahma and divided into masculine and feminine, and develop a s they pass through the wild emotional stage. ~Carl Jung, Modern Psychology, Page 227-228.