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Egyptian Book of the Dead

The Egyptian Book of the Dead readable online

Papyrus Paintings from the Book of the Dead


Osiris, lord of the dead and of rebirth. His green skin symbolizes rebirth

The god Osiris was believed to be the lord of the underworld. He was the first mummy as depicted in the Osiris myth and he personified rebirth and life after death. The underworld was also the residence of various other gods along with Osiris.


The family of Osiris. Osiris on a lapis lazuli pillar in the middle, flanked by Horus on the left and Isis on the right (Twenty-second DynastyLouvreParis)

Afu Duat

Af or Afu (commonly known as Afu-Ra), the ram-headed form of Ra when traveling the Duat (the 12 hours of night and the underworld) on the Mesektet barque along with Sia (left and front of barque) and Heka (right and behind of barque), surrounded by the protective coiled serpent deity Mehen.

Anubis Thoth

AnubisThoth and Ammit seen during the “Weighing of the Heart“.

Judges of Maat

Papyrus of Ani: some of the 42 Judges of Maat are visible, seated and in small size

Judgment scene from the Book of the Dead from the Papyrus of Hunefer

Judgment scene from the Book of the Dead from the Papyrus of Hunefer. In the three scenes from the Book of the Dead (version from ~1275 BCE) the deceased Hunefer is taken into the judgment hall by the jackal-headed Anubis. The next scene is the weighing of his heart, with Ammit awaiting the result and Thoth recording. Next, the triumphant Hunefer, having passed the test, is presented by the falcon-headed Horus to Osiris, seated in his shrine with IsisNephthys and the four sons of Horus. (19th Dynasty, c. 1300 BCE)


A section of the Egyptian Book of the Dead that is written on papyrus, showing the Weighing of the Heart in the Duat, where Anubis can be seen on the far right. The scales are shown with the feather balance, and Ammit awaits hearts that she must devour. The presence of Osiris at the gateway to the paradise of Aaru dates the papyrus to a late tradition of the myth.


The Papyrus of Ani

  • Homage to you, O you who have come as Khepri, Khepri the creator of the gods, you are seated on your throne, you rise up in the sky, illumining your mother Nut, you are seated on your throne as the king of the gods.
    • A Hymn To Ra When He Rises In Heaven
  • Let there be prepared for me a seat in the boat of the Sun on the day wheron the god saileth.
    • A Hymn To Ra When He Rises In Heaven
  • Homage to you, O Bull of AmentetThoth the king of eternity is with me. I am the great god by the side of the divine boat, I have fought for you, I am one of those gods, those divine chiefs, who proved the truth-speaking of Osiris before his enemies on the day of the weighing of words. I am your kinsman Osiris.
    • The Coming Forth By Day
  • The heart of Osiris has in very truth been weighed, and his Heart-soul has borne testimony on his behalf; his heart has been found right by the trial in the Great Balance. There has not been found any wickedness in him; he has not wasted the offerings which have been made in the temples; he has not committed any evil act; and he has not set his mouth in motion with words of evil whilst he was upon earth.
    • The Speech Of Thoth
  • There is no sin in my body. I have not spoken that which is not true knowingly, nor have I done anything with a false heart. Grant you that I may be like to those favoured ones who are in your following, and that I may be an Osiris greatly favoured of the beautiful god, and beloved of the Lord of the Two Lands, I am Ra, who stablisheth those who praise him. I am the Knot of the god within the Aser tree, and my appearance is the appearance of Ra on this day.
    My hair is the hair of Nu. My face is the face of the Disk. My eyes are the eyes of Hathor. My ears are the ears of Up-uat.

    • Repulsing Slaughter In Hensu
  • I am he who protecteth you for millions of years. Whether ye be denizens of heaven, or of the earth, or of the South, or of the North, or of the East, or of the West, the fear of me is in your bodies. I am he whose being has been wrought in his eye. I shall not die again. My moment is in your bodies, but my forms are in my place of habitation. I am “He who cannot be known.” The Red Fiends have their faces directed against me. I am the unveiled one.
    The period when the heavens were created for me and were enlarged the bounds of earth, and multiplied the progeny thereof, cannot be found out.
    They shall fail and not be united again. By reason of the speech which I address to you, my name setteth itself apart from all things evil which are in the mouths of men. I am he who rises and shines, a wall which comes out of a wall, an only One who proceedeth from an only One.
    There is never a day that passeth without the things which appertain to him being therein; passing, passing, passing, passing. Verily I say to you, I am the Plant which comes forth from Nu, and my mother is Nut. Hail, my creator, I am he who has no power to walk, the Great Knot who dwells in Yesterday.
    The might of my strength is within my hand, I am not known by you, but I am he who knows you. I cannot be held in the hand, but I am he who can hold you in his hand. Hail, O Egg! Hail, O Egg! I am Horus who lives for millions of years, whose flame shines upon you, and bringeth your hearts to me. I am master of my throne. I advance at this season. I have opened a path. I have delivered myself from all evil things.
    Hail, my Lord, who dost hasten through eternity, whose existence is for ever, Lord of Lords, King of Kings, Sovereign, King of the gods, who live in their shrine.

    • Hymn To Osiris Khenti-Amenti Un-Nefer
  • The Eye of Horus protects you, O Osiris Khenti-Amenti, and it keeps you in safety; it casts down headlong all your enemies for you, and all your enemies have fallen down headlong before you.
    • Hymn To Osiris Khenti-Amenti Un-Nefer


Anubis (/əˈnjbɪs/;[2] Ancient GreekἌνουβις), also known as Inpu, Inpw, Jnpw, or Anpu in Ancient Egyptian (Copticⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡromanized: Anoup) is the god of funerary rites, protector of graves, and guide to the underworld, in ancient Egyptian religion, usually depicted as a canine or a man with a canine head.


Anubis (/əˈnjbɪs/;[2] Ancient GreekἌνουβις), also known as Inpu, Inpw, Jnpw, or Anpu in Ancient Egyptian (Copticⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡromanized: Anoup) is the god of funerary rites, protector of graves, and guide to the underworld, in ancient Egyptian religion, usually depicted as a canine or a man with a canine head.


The lake of fire is a concept that appears in both the ancient Egyptian and Christian religions. In ancient Egypt, it appears as an obstacle on the journey through the underworld which can destroy or refresh the deceased. In Christianity, it is as a place of after-death punishment of the wicked.


La tombe de Sethi 1er (KV.17) (Vallée des Rois, Thèbes ouest)  aa