Image Manuscript depicting Boethius teaching students (initial) and while imprisoned
We might add that certain early Christian sects gave a maternal significance to the Holy Ghost (world-soul or moon).
According to Plotinus, the world-soul has a tendency towards separation and divisibility, the sine qua non of all change, creation, and reproduction.
It is an “unending All of life” and wholly energy; a living organism of ideas which only become effective and real in it.
The intellect is its progenitor and father, and what the intellect conceives the world-soul brings to birth in reality. “What lies enclosed in the intellect comes to birth in the world soul as Logos, fills it with meaning and makes it drunken as if with nectar.” ~Carl Jung, CW 5, Para 198
Psychological truth by no means excludes metaphysical truth, though psychology, as a science, has to hold aloof from all metaphysical assertions.
Its subject is the psyche and its contents. Both are realities, because they work.
Though we do not possess a physics of the soul, and are not even able to observe it and judge it from some Archimedean point “outside” ourselves, and can therefore know nothing objective about it since all knowledge of the psyche is itself psychic, in spite of all this the soul is the only experient of life and existence.
It is, in fact, the only immediate experience we can have and the sine qua non of the subjective reality of the world.
The symbols it creates are always grounded in the unconscious archetype, but their manifest forms are moulded by the ideas acquired by the conscious mind. ~Carl Jung, CW 8, Para 344
Discrimination is the sine qua non of cognition.
But discrimination means splitting up the contents of consciousness into discrete functions.
Therefore, if we wish to define the psychological peculiarity of a man in terms that will satisfy not only our own subjective judgment but also the object judged, we must take as our criterion that state or attitude which is felt by the object to be the conscious, normal condition.
Accordingly, we shall make his conscious motives our first concern, while eliminating as far as possible our own arbitrary interpretations. ~Carl Jung, CW 6, Para 891
The man with the persona is blind to the existence of inner realities, just as the other is blind to the reality of the world, which for him has merely the value of an amusing or fantastic playground.
But the fact of inner realities and their unqualified recognition is obviously the sine qua non for a serious consideration of the anima problem.
If the external world is, for me, simply a phantasm, how should I take the trouble to establish a complicated system of relationship and adaptation to it?
Equally, the “nothing but fantasy” attitude will never persuade me to regard my anima manifestations as anything more than fatuous weakness.
If, however, I take the line that the world is outside and inside, that reality falls to the share of both, I must logically accept the upsets and annoyances that come to me from inside as symptoms of faulty adaptation to the conditions of that inner world.
No more than the blows rained on the innocent abroad can be healed by moral repression will it help him resignedly to catalogue his “weaknesses.”
Here are reasons, intentions, consequences, which can be tackled by will and understanding. ~Carl Jung, CW 7, Para 319
Although the world of psychic phenomena is only a part of the world as a whole, it may seem easier to grasp precisely for that reason.
But one would be forgetting that the psyche is the only phenomenon that is given to us immediately and, therefore, is the sine qua non of all experience. ~Carl Jung, CW 8, Para 283
All the same, every science is a function of the psyche, and all knowledge is rooted in it.
The psyche is the greatest of all cosmic wonders and the sine qua non of the world as an object. ~Carl Jung, CW 8, Para 357
Consciousness, therefore, is taken as the sine qua non of psychic life, that is to say, as the psyche itself.
And so it comes about that all modern “psychologies without the psyche” are psychologies of consciousness, for which an unconscious psychic life simply does not exist. Carl Jung, CW 8, Para 658
The psychic factors, and it is they that bring consciousness into being and hence create the sine qua non for the existence of any world at all.
We are steeped in a world that was created by our own psyche. ~Carl Jung, CW 8, Para 747
Even Freud, whose empirical attitude is beyond doubt, coupled his theory as a sine qua non with his method, as if psychic phenomena had to be viewed in a certain light in order to mean something. Carl Jung, CW 9i, Para 112
The self, regarded as the counter-pole of the world, its “absolutely other,” is the sine qua non of all empirical knowledge and consciousness of subject and object.
Only because of this psychic “otherness” is consciousness possible at all. ~Carl Jung, CW 9i, Para 289
For everything that will be happens on the basis of what has been, and of what —consciously or unconsciously—still exists as a memory-trace. In so far as no man is born totally new, but continually repeats the stage of development last reached by the species, he contains unconsciously, as an a priori datum, the entire psychic structure developed both upwards and downwards by his ancestors in the course of the ages.
That is what gives the unconscious its characteristic “historical” aspect, but it is at the same time the sine qua non for shaping the future. ~Carl Jung, CW 9i, Para 499
The idea of good and evil, however, is the premise for any moral judgment.
They are a logically equivalent pair of opposites and, as such, the sine qua non of all acts of cognition. ~Carl Jung, CW 9ii, Para 84
The space-time quaternio is the archetypal sine qua non for any apprehension of the physical world—indeed, the very possibility of apprehending it.
It is the organizing schema par excellence among the psychic quaternities. ~Carl Jung, CW 9ii, Para 398
This agrees with the view I expressed before, that the quaternity is the sine qua non of divine birth and, consequently, of the inner life of the Trinity. ~Carl Jung, CW 11, Para 125
It is indeed paradoxical that the category of existence, the indispensable sine qua non of all existence, namely the psyche, should be treated as if it were only semi-existent. ~Carl Jung, CW 11, Para 769
Put into psychological language, the above sentence could be paraphrased thus: The unconscious is the root of all experience of oneness (dharmakāya), the matrix of all archetypes or structural patterns (sambhogakāya), and the conditio sine qua non of the phenomenal world (nirmānakāya). ~Carl Jung, CW 11, Para 790
We must not underestimate the devastating effect of getting lost in the chaos, even if we know that it is the sine qua non of any regeneration of the spirit and the personality. ~Carl Jung, CW 12, Para 96
That we are bound to the earth does not mean that we cannot grow; on the contrary it is the sine qua non of growth.
No noble, well-grown tree ever disowned its dark roots, for it grows not only upward but downward as well. ~Carl Jung, CW 12, Para 148
This always happens when consciousness takes too many unconscious contents upon itself and loses the faculty of discrimination, the sine qua non of all consciousness. ~Carl Jung, CW 12, Para 563
The emphatic differentiation of opposites is synonymous with sharper discrimination, and that is the sine qua non for any broadening or heightening of consciousness. ~Carl Jung, CW 13, Para 291
The empiricist tries, more or less successfully, to forget his archetypal explanatory principles, that is, the psychic premises that are a sine qua non of the cognitive process, or to repress them in the interests of “scientific objectivity.” ~Carl Jung, CW 13, Para 378
By becoming conscious, the individual is threatened more and more with isolation, which is nevertheless the sine qua non of conscious differentiation. ~Carl Jung, CW 13, Para 395
The proverbial darkness of sublunary matter has always been associated with the “prince of this world,” the devil.
He is the metaphysical figure who is excluded from the Trinity but who, as the counterpart of Christ, is the sine qua non of the drama of redemption. ~Carl Jung, CW 14, Para 238
Just as the old king must forgo his power and make way for the little up start ego, so the ego, when the renewed king returns, must step into the background.
It still remains the sine qua non of consciousness, but it no longer imagines that it can settle everything and do everything by the force of its will. It ~Carl Jung, CW 14, Para 522
Thus to superficial readers of my writings it looks as if I were giving the unconscious a supreme significance, disregarding consciousness.
As a matter of fact the emphasis lies on consciousness as the conditio sine qua non of apperception of unconscious contents, and the supreme arbiter in the chaos of unconscious possibilities. ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para 1585