Hitler himself (from what I heard) is more than half crazy. ~Carl Jung, Letters Vol. I, Page 278

On account of my critical utterances I was “marked down” by the Gestapo, my books were banned in Germany, and in France they were for the most part destroyed.  ~Carl Jung, Letters Vol. 1, Page 404

When the Nazis finally moved into Hungary in 1944, her [Jolande Jacobi] father and mother committed suicide after their arrest by the Gestapo, and her husband died on the way to a concentration camp.

It is with reference to this tragedy that she says: “I owe Jung my life.” ~David Holt, The Way of Individuation, Page 139

The Swiss authorities had learned that Jung’s name was on the Nazi blacklist and they did not want the Germans to have an opportunity to capture him. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 194

For some years before Hitler and his party seized power, Jung had kept an anxious eye on Germany, wondering what form a pagan revival was likely to take. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 151

My first meeting with him, when he had talked about the Jews, was of course relevant, but I remembered that in his discussion he had not said anything that could be construed as anti-Semitic, though he made it clear that there were important differences between Jews and non-Jews.  In addition, I knew how many Jews he had befriended and helped to escape from Nazi persecution. So when I heard how he had behaved during the war in standing up to the Germans and was told that his name was on the German black list, that his books had been burned in France and much more besides, it all fitted together and I was in a strong position to defend him. ~Michael Fordham, Freud, Jung, Klein—the fenceless field, Page 96

So for the time being we need not worry about future congresses, delegate meetings, translators, etc. Hitler is reaching his climax and with him the German psychosis. ~Carl Jung, Letters Vol. I, Pages 275-276

Deep down in his being [Hitler], he was motivated by the forces of order, which became operative in him the moment desirousness and greed had taken complete possession of his conscious mind. Hitler was the exponent of a “new order,” and that is the real reason why practically every German fell for him ~Carl Jung, CW 10, Para 454

He [A German Doctor] reported that Hitler was becoming doubtful if he could really win the war and might be willing, the doctor thought, to make a peace treaty acceptable to the Allies. Jung was enormously attracted by the possibility of saving many lives and much suffering and spoke to me of the project as something very close to his heart. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 197

When it was mentioned to Hitler, he had flown into one of his berserker rages, and the German psychiatrist had saved his life only by escaping to Switzerland, where he had to remain for the rest of the war. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 197

Neither have I addressed Hitler over the radio or in any other manner, nor have I expressed anything concerning politics. – Carl Jung, Jung-Kirsch Letters, Page 45

Hitler persistently shirks the religious conflict, which signifies much the same as the end of Protestantism in Germany. Carl Jung, Jung-Kirsch Letters, Page 60

He [Jung] felt, we had to view him like that, that Hitler is not to be taken primarily as a human man, but as an instrument of ‘divine’ forces, as Judas, or, still better, as the Antichrist must be. ~Esther Harding, Conversations with Jung, Page 12

And I was absolutely certain—in the years before Hitler, before Hitler came in the beginning; I could say the year, in the year 1919—I was sure that something was threatening in Germany, something very big, very catastrophic. ~Carl Jung, Evans Conversations, Page 20.

Yet he himself, long before the advent of Hitler, had warned in 1918 about “the blond beast menacingly prowling about in its underground prison, ready at any moment to burst out with devastating consequences. ” But who took the warning seriously then? ~Aniela Jaffe, Jung’s Last Years, Page 91.

When Hitler seized power it became quite evident to me that a mass psychosis was boiling up in Germany. But I could not help telling myself that this was after all Germany, a civilized European nation with a sense of morality and discipline. Hence the ultimate outcome of this unmistakable mass movement still seemed to me uncertain, just as the figure of the Fuhrer at first struck me as being merely ambivalent. Like many of my contemporaries, I had my doubts. ~Carl Jung, Jung’s Last Years, Page 89-90.

Similarly, a man who is drowned in the unconscious behaves like the animus of a woman. A possessed man — Hitler, for example – has all the animus traits; he is carried away by every emotion, is full of unconsidered opinions, and expresses himself sloppily and didactically, often in an emotional uproar. ~Marie Louise von Franz, Interpretation of Fairy Tales, Page 64.

On the question of Hitler’s attitude toward women and marriage, Jung prophesied: “He cannot marry. Hitler’s real passion, of course, is Germany.” ~Carl Jung, Jung: A Biography, Page 305.

When Hitler attacked Poland on September 1, 1939, Jung at first thought Mary had left Europe. When he realized she had remained, he wrote her that it was courageous to stay and share whatever fate had in store for them.  ~William Schoenl – C.G. Jung-His Friendships with Mary Mellon & J.B. Priestley, Page 7

A Swiss from Berlin mentioned that workmen criticized Hitler and called him a liar. But the young people in Germany were still full of illusions, though the mood in the army had dropped since Britain could not be conquered.  ~William Schoenl – C.G. Jung-His Friendships with Mary Mellon & J.B. Priestley, Page 10

The Germans, a scientifically educated nation, allowed Hitler to bewitch them, and then all the dark forces of the unconscious-demons we had pretended to exorcise from the world-raged unchecked, and the most fantastic cruelties and monstrous perversions. were let loose. ~William Schoenl, C.G. Jung-His Friendships with Mary Mellon & J.B. Priestley, Page 61-62

Onkel [Jung] said that most of the people in Germany were influenced by Hitler, but if they would think straight, they would say, “We are the real devils of Europe.” But instead they say, “England is the evil spirit: we Germans are good people, and devils are attacking our dear Vaterland.”  ~Katy Cabot, Jung My Mother and I, Page 230

A teenage boy with cropped fair hair, wearing short trousers, earnestly addressed a mirror and made extravagant gestures – the first Hitler Youth I had ever seen, and whose fanatical behavior sent a chill down my fifteen-year-old spine. ~Jane Reid, Jung My Mother and I, Page 210

Stalin feels that certain elements are unhealthy so he wipes them out. Stalin does not presume and invent such stories and such lies [as Hitler]. He is a straightforward brute, a cunning brute, while, on the other hand, Hitler is just a rotten devil, and an hysterical, neurotic individual, always excited and believing what he says. ~Carl Jung, Jung My Mother and I, Page 230

He [Jung] went on to say that the first time Mussolini met Hitler, he exclaimed, “Ma che e un Signorino!” [Why, he is but a boy!] Mussolini is all that he is on the surface, whereas Hitler, on the surface, is all that he is not. ~Katy Cabot, Jung My Mother and I, Page 322

Hitler is sinister – like the mild little schoolmaster who has lived and taught all his life in a quiet village, and whom everyone presumes to be harmless. Then, suddenly, this mild little man ups and murders his whole family.  ~Carl Jung, Jung My Mother and I, Page 322

Mussolini’s life is a reality, and everything that he is in the foreground: it is in his face and manner and in his every gesture. Hitler is just the contrary; he can only impress a German who is very intuitive, and who ‘smells’ what is behind Hitler.  ~Carl Jung, Jung My Mother and I, Page 322

When Mussolini first met Hitler, he thought: “Poor beggar; there is nothing to him – just a Signorino.” But he never asked himself where was the Signorina (Anima) behind Hitler. Hitler’s Signorina – the ambitious anima devil-woman – is not a ‘human being.’  ~Carl Jung, Jung My Mother and I, Page 322

Everybody hoped that Hitler would do something stupid, but nobody in the winter of 1940-1941 imagined that he would be so foolish as to attack Russia. ~Katy Cabot, Jung My Mother and I, Page 323

Formerly, a Hitler, Goebbels or Goring would have had no show. In the Middle Ages such people, who were liars and cheats, would never have been followed. After the Reformation there was the great revolution of the peasants in Germany, and the Anabapatists (Wiedertaufer). ~Carl Jung, Jung My Mother and I, Page 456

Peter was now well known in London and his unique experience was increasingly in demand: there were several Americans in England looking for a Jungian analyst and when Hitler began to gain power in the thirties, a number of Jewish people came over to London from Germany to train as ‘lay’, in other words, as non-medical, analysts. ~Diana Baynes, Jung’s Apprentice, Page 253-254

He [Ashton Swatldn] has recently been in Berlin negotiating with Hitler. Peter says he lent Ashton-Swatkin a copy of Jung’s paper on Wotan which he has translated into English and is now circulating round the foreign office. ~Diana Baynes, Jung’s Apprentice, Page 272

where Hitler is building a sort of guest house for visiting diplomats on the very summit of the Salzberg. It looks huge from below, and the people call it a tea house! But it looks to me like a cosmic fantasy. The light in it at night adds another star to the galaxies of heaven. He has 3000 workmen working up there on his mountain and a huge Kino and wooden barracks. Something terrific. The people are very nice about it. They laugh good naturedly at him, but he is undoubtedly secure in their loyalty. He must be a queer mixture. All the people here want to talk politics. It is like an obsession. However, you know all about that. ~Diana Baynes, Jung’s Apprentice, Page 283

I can almost hear the· tall, red-headed Knickerbocker saying, “Jung told me never to forget for a moment that Hitler has the power he has, not because he rules Germany but because he is Germany. He is more of a myth than a man. He is the loudspeaker that makes audible all the inaudible murmurings of the German soul.”  ~Laurens van der Post; Jung and the Story of our Time, Page 23

One could say in a sense that Mussolini ruled Italy, but one could not say that Hitler rules Germany.  Hitler is Germany. He is more of a myth than a man. He is the loudspeaker that makes audible all the inaudible murmurings of the German soul. ~Carl Jung, From the Life and Work of C.G. Jung, Page 68

I knew Jung personally from 1933 until his death and I never perceived the slightest conscious or unconscious trace of any such attitude. On the contrary he frequently inveighed against Hitler and Nazism in quite unambiguous terms. He had numerous Jewish refugees among his analysands (some of whom he treated gratis) ~ Marie Louise Von Franz, C.G. Jung: His Myth in Our Time, Page 63

The Germans wanted order, but they made the fatal mistake of choosing the principal victim of disorder and unchecked greed for their leader. Their individual attitude remained unchanged: just as they were greedy for power, so they were greedy for order. Like the rest of the world, they did not understand wherein Hitler’s significance lay, that he symbolized something in every individual ~Carl Jung, CW 10, Para 454

Hitler was the most prodigious personification of all human inferiorities. He was an utterly incapable, unadapted, irresponsible, psychopathic personality, full of empty, infantile fantasies, but cursed with the keen intuition of a rat or a guttersnipe. He represented the shadow, the inferior part of everybody’s personality, in an overwhelming degree, and this was another reason why they fell for him ~Carl Jung, CW 10, Para 454

What is the use of technological improvements when mankind must still tremble before those infantile tyrants, ridiculous yet terrible, in the style of Hitler? Figures like these owe their power only to the frightening immaturity of the man of today, and to his barbarous unconsciousness. Truly we can no longer afford to underestimate the importance of the psychic factor in world affairs. ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para 11

But he comes from Braunau, a little town that has already produced two famous mediums—the Schneider brothers. (Harry Price has written a book about one of them.) Hitler is presumably the third and the most efficient medium from Braunau. ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para

Just as Christianity had a cross to symbolize its essential teaching, so Hitler has a swastika, a symbol as old and widespread as the cross.  ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para 1328

Hitler and Mussolini are more or less ordinary human beings, but ones who, curiously enough, assume that they themselves know what to do in a situation which practically nobody understands. ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para 1333

They [Hitler & Mussolini] seem to have the superhuman courage or the equally superhuman recklessness to shoulder a responsibility which apparently nobody else is willing or able to carry. ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para 1333

Only a superman could be entrusted with faculties that are equal to the difficulties of the actual situation. ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para 1333

But we know that mystical experience as well as identification with an archetypal figure lend almost superhuman force to the ordinary man. Not in vain do the Germans call their Fuhrer “our Joan of Arc.” ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para 1333

I am told that Hitler locked himself in his room for three days and nights when his whole staff beseeched him not to leave the League of Nations. When he appeared again he said without any explanation, “Gentlemen, Germany must leave the League.” ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para 1333

Hitler’s unconscious seems to be female. Mussolini’s Latin and very masculine temperament does not allow a comparison with Hitler. ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para 1334

What is the use of technological improvements when mankind must still tremble before those infantile tyrants, ridiculous yet terrible, in the style of Hitler? ~Carl Jung, CW 18, Para 1278

He [Hitler] really is the incarnation of the German’s psychopathic inferiority, which also accounts for the German’s feeling of national inferiority. ~Carl Jung, Letters Vol. 1, Page 367.

Hitler and Stalin go on representing a mere “accidental lack of perfection.” [within Privatio boni] ~Carl Jung, Letters Vol. I, Page 541.

All these pathological features complete lack of insight into one’s own character, auto-erotic self-admiration and self-extenuation, denigration and terrorization of one’s fellow men (how contemptuously Hitler spoke of his own people!), projection of the shadow, lying, falsification of reality, determination to impress by fair means or foul, bluffing and double-crossing all these were united in the man who was diagnosed clinically as an hysteric, and whom a strange fate chose to be the political, moral, and religious spokesman of Germany for twelve years. Is this pure chance? ~Carl Jung, CW 10, Para 418

Hitler’s theatrical, obviously hysterical gestures struck all foreigners (with a few amazing exceptions) as purely ridiculous. When I saw him with my own eyes, he suggested a psychic scarecrow (with a broomstick for an outstretched arm) rather than a human being. It is also difficult to understand how his ranting speeches, delivered in shrill, grating, womanish tones, could have made such an impression ~Carl Jung, CW 10, Para 419

What a distressing sight it was to see the whole of Germany heave a sigh of relief when a megalomaniac psychopath [Hitler] proclaimed, “I take over the responsibility!” Any man who still possesses the instinct of self-preservation knows perfectly well that only a swindler would offer to relieve him of responsibility, for surely no one in his senses would dream of taking responsibility for the existence of another. The man who promises everything is sure to fulfil nothing, and everyone who promises too much is in danger of using evil means in order to carry out his promises, and is already on the road to perdition ~Carl Jung, CW 10, Para 413

By 1933 they wandered no longer but marched in their hundreds of thousands. The Hitler movement literally brought the whole of Germany to its feet, from five-year-olds to veterans, and produced the spectacle of a nation migrating from one place to another ~Carl Jung, CW 10, Para 373

Perhaps we may sum up this general phenomenon as Ergriffenheita state of being seized or possessed. The term postulates not only an Ergriffener (one who is seized) but also an Ergreifer (one who seizes). Wotan is an Ergreifer of men, and, unless one wishes to deify Hitler which has indeed actually happened he is really the only explanation ~Carl Jung, CW 10, Para 389

Nevertheless, it should be clear to everyone that such a state of degradation [such as the Nazi concentration camps] can come about only under certain conditions. The most important of these is the accumulation of urban, industrialized masses of people torn from the soil, engaged in one-sided employment, and lacking every healthy instinct, even that of self-preservation ~Carl Jung, CW 10, Para 413

Here in Switzerland we are still rationed but can’t complain about anything since we were miraculously spared the Nazi madness. ~Carl Jung, Letters Vol. 1, Pages 401.

I have included in it an essay by a Jewish author on the psychology of the Old Testament, just to annoy the Nazis and all those who have decried me as an anti-Semite. ~Carl Jung, Letters Vol. I, Page 163

And that’s how it would be for you too with the Russians, for they also are universal saviours who want to cure the whole world with their own disease, just as the Nazis did. ~Carl Jung, Letters Vol. II, Page 11.

He [Jung] said that until 1935 it had seemed possible, in Germany and Italy, that some good could come from Nazism. Germany was transformed; instead of roads crowded with people without work, all was changed and peaceful.  Then he saw other things and knew it was evil. ~E.A. Bennet, Meetings with Jung, Page 25.

Referring to the rumours of his so-called Nazi sympathies, C.G. told me that his name was on the blacklist in Germany because of his views, and that he would certainly have been shot at once had he fallen into Nazi hands. ~E.A. Bennet, Meetings with Jung, Page 26

He [Jung] never spoke to any of the other leading Nazis, but he felt hopeless from the beginning about the colleagues of such a windbag as he had seen. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 152

To anyone who, like myself, was with Jung in Berlin in July 1933, and who saw and heard him frequently during the next twenty-eight years, the libel that Jung was a Nazi is so absurd and so entirely without foundation that it goes against the grain to take it seriously enough to contradict it. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 154

Jung says, for example, of the “isms” (and from the start he always said Nazism and Bolshevism, as it was called then, were two names for the same thing. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 154

After the war when feeling ran so high and the worst thing that could be said of anyone was to accuse him of being a Nazi, the temptation proved too overpowering to those who wanted to discredit Jung. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 163

The Nazis tried and now the Communists are trying to blot out consciousness, which can be attained only by the free individual, and we must do all we can to compensate for this disastrous fact. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 208

Here we learned what [Nazi Threat] had caused the Jungs to take their grandchildren and daughter-in-law so suddenly to the mountains. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 194

He [Jung] had been telephoned from a very high place in Bern, late the night before, and asked to leave Zürich immediately [because of Nazi threat]. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 194

The German doctor was far from being Nazi, but through his profession he had direct access to Nazi headquarters. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 197

The Nazis are too evil, no peace can be made with them, the whole thing will have to be completely destroyed, whatever it costs. ~Carl Jung, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 197

Another addition to the lectures in 1943 was Prof. Hugo Rahner from Innsbruck. He belonged to a Jesuit community which had taken refuge from the Nazis in Switzerland. ~Barbara Hannah, Jung: His Life and His Work, Page 198

All the Nazi leaders were possessed in the truest sense of the word, and it is assuredly no accident that their propaganda minister was branded with the ancient mark of the demonized man—a clubfoot.  ~Carl Jung, C.G. Jung Speaking: Interviews and Encounters, Pages 149-155

I have to admit that, without believing some of the specific accusations, my image of you was somewhat darkened, especially after Fraulein Wolff told me that, if you had been a German, you would have voted for the Nazis. ~James Kirsch, Jung-Kirsch Letters, Page 48

We have our Nazis, i.e. a party which wants to elevate the “Fuhrer” to be the King of Palestine and is organized like the military.

They wear brown! shirts, are responsible for acts of terror, and they murdered the most important labor leader. ~James Kirsch, Jung-Kirsch Letters, Page 61

I hear it again and again that you are a Nazi. It is such a ridiculous thing. James Kirsch, Jung-Kirsch Letters, Page 102

In each case [Reports of Jung being a Nazi], I have been able to trace it to some Freudian, and it fits very well into the Freudian attempt to be considered the one and only form of depth-psychology. ~James Kirsch, Jung-Kirsch Letters, Page 102

I see from your letters that you have heard that foolish rumour that I’m a Nazi. ~Carl Jung, Jung-Kirsch Letters, Page 106

My books were suppressed in Germany and destroyed in France. If I had been a Nazi they surely wouldn’t have behaved like that. ~Carl Jung, Jung-Kirsch Letters, Page 106

I sent it [Dr. Harms article] to a committee which collected material in New York to refute the stupid accusation that you are a Nazi. ~James Kirsch, Jung-Kirsch Letters, Page 108

If the Nazis had invaded Switzerland during the Second World War, I would have become a Catholic out of protest because the Catholic Church would then have represented the only spiritual power. That is, of course, if I had not been shot first. ~Carl Jung, Conversations with C.G. Jung, Page 45.

If somebody is clever enough to see what is going on in people’s minds, in their unconscious minds, he will be able to predict. For instance, I could have predicted the Nazi rising in Germany through the observation of my German patients. ~Carl Jung, Evans Conversations, Page 20.

In France his [Jung’s] books were burned. At that moment a stumbling-block to the Nazis was the fact of his having written a foreword to a book by his Jewish pupil, Jolande Jacobi, Die Psychologie von C.G. Jung (Zurich, 1939). ~Gerhard Adler, From the Life and Work of C.G. Jung, Page 59.

On the occasion of my first meeting with Jung we had just seen the play Glorious Morning, which dealt with resistance to the Nazi movement. seeing of this play was called by the Professor a ‘valid experience’. I have never understood why Jung (like P. G. Wodehouse) was wrongfully thought to be pro-Nazi. ~Margit Van Leight Frank, Contact with Jung, Page 194

Hillyer’s attempt to link the Foundation with fascist sympathies was dealt with in a letter written in July by Broch, Kahler, and Kracauer, all refugees from Nazism. ~William McGuire, Bollingen: An Adventure, Page 214

Jung’s judgment was of real help to me in gauging the political situation. His deep antipathy to what Nazism and Fascism stood for was clearly evidenced in these conversations. ~John Foster Dulles, Bollingen: An Adventure, Pages 57-58

The Eranos speakers and audience, who in the beginning were chiefly German, became more international, and Olga Froebe liked to say that the conferences, founded in the year the Nazis came to power, gradually became a counterforce to Nazism. ~William McGuire, Bollingen: An Adventure, Page 24

I had a long talk with him about what was going on in Germany and Italy, and I do not recall the slightest trace of anything Jung said which indicated other than a deep anti-Nazi and anti-Fascist sentiment. ~Allen W. Dulles, Bollingen: An Adventure, Page 26

He [Neumann] had to leave Nazi Germany in 1934 without finishing his M.D., and after analyzing with Jung, he established an analytical practice in Tel Aviv. ~William McGuire, Bollingen: An Adventure, Page 135

In her letter she told Jung that various rumors had come to them for some time, accusing Jung of being pro-Nazi in an apparent effort to discredit his work. An agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation had interviewed Bertine some weeks previously in an attempt to discover whether Jung was connected with the Nazis and whether he was anti-Semitic. Fortunately, she had several letters from him that cleared up the first point to the agent’s apparent satisfaction. ~William Schoenl – C.G. Jung-His Friendships with Mary Mellon & J.B. Priestley, Page 32

Bertine also reported a second recent incident to Jung. There had been a suggestion that she be asked to give a few lectures at a school of adult education in New York, but the idea was met with the undocumented allegation that Jung was pro-Nazi.  ~William Schoenl – C.G. Jung-His Friendships with Mary Mellon & J.B. Priestley, Page 34

Bertine told the woman who had suggested the lectures that the woman could tell the school people that Bertine had proof of Jung’s point of view [on Nazis] if they were really interested. It had to date not been asked for.  ~William Schoenl – C.G. Jung-His Friendships with Mary Mellon & J.B. Priestley, Page 34

She [Eleanor Bertine] suspected that the whole nasty business of charging Jung with being pro-Nazi and anti-Semitic dated from some misrepresentations from the time when he was president of the International Medical Society for Psychotherapy.  ~William Schoenl – C.G. Jung-His Friendships with Mary Mellon & J.B. Priestley, Page 34

There had been, Priestley continued, some silly rumors lately that Jung had shown pro-Nazi sympathies. Priestley would as soon expect a cancer specialist to have pro-cancer sympathies.  ~William Schoenl, C.G. Jung-His Friendships with Mary Mellon & J.B. Priestley, Page 62

The Nazis have no regard for human life and would just pour men in. The Allies are more human and don’t wish such a loss of life as in 1914.  ~Carl Jung, Jung My Mother and I, Page 229

The Federal authorities discovered that Jung’s name was on the Nazis’ Blacklist, 1 so he was urged by senior officials in Bern to leave Zurich immediately. He drove the family car to Saanen with his wife, an eight-month pregnant daughter and some grandchildren.  ~Jane Reid, Jung My Mother and I, Page 273

I knew Jung personally from 1933 until his death and I never perceived the slightest conscious or unconscious trace of any such attitude. On the contrary he frequently inveighed against Hitler and Nazism in quite unambiguous terms. He had numerous Jewish refugees among his analysands (some of whom he treated gratis) ~ Marie Louise Von Franz, C.G. Jung: His Myth in Our Time, Page 63

This [Nazism] evil is so abysmal that it can only end in total destruction. Even the innocent people who are left can no longer be spared the suffering that is coming now. ~Carl Jung, C.G. Jung: His Myth in Our Time, Page 64

Professor Gustav Schmaltz and a Professor Koerner, who were Nazis, were made Board members. Schmaltz had analyzed with Emma Jung and had run a study group in Düsseldorf.   ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 128

When the Nazis annexed Austria in 1938, she [Jolande Jacobi] fled to Zurich where she had a small apartment. ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 14

[Christopher Whitmont] was born into a Viennese Jewish family and raised in the shadow of Freud…. After World War II he returned to Germany and had analysis with Gustav Heyer, a known member of the Nazi party. ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 72

He [James Kirsch] was a founding member of the C.G. Jung Society of Berlin. When the Nazis came to power in 1933, James immediately left for Palestine. Based upon a dream in which he foresaw brown-shirted hordes, he strongly urged all his relatives, friends, and patients to do likewise. ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 93

Max Zeller, one of the later cofounders of the Jungian Society in Los Angeles, was in analysis with Heyer [A Nazi] in 1938, just before being interned in a concentration camp. Zeller, a Jew, prohibited by law to practice in Germany, was given a letter of recommendation by Heyer allowing him to practice in another country.  ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 125

After the war Jung denounced [Gustav] Heyer for his Nazi affiliation. Heyer attempted to speak to Jung about this, but Jung would never meet with him again. ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 126

…in November 1945 Jung wrote to Friedrich Seifert in Munich that he would have nothing further to do with [Gustav] Heyer because of his Nazi affiliation (unpublished letter from Jung to Seifert, dated 21 November 1945).  Wolff wrote in a similar vein to Seifert about Heyer. ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 126

[Kaethe] Buegler [who was half Jewish] had a long-standing love relationship with Heyer, who was able to protect her throughout the Nazi period. ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 127

In 1942, as a businessman and a politician, [Wilhelm] Bitter attempted to broker a peace between the Nazis and the Allies, which failed, and as a consequence he had to leave the country. He fled to Switzerland with the help of some influential connections. In Zurich he had a Jungian analysis and a chance to study with Jung. ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 139

Having lived outside Germany for many years, and being political by nature, [Wilhelm] Bitter recognized the dangers of National Socialism early on. He was never drawn to it and tried unsuccessfully to speak with former Nazis like Heyer about their views. ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 140

Roland Cahen, a French Jew, was one of the original members of Le Club du Gros Caillou. In the late 1930s he studied philosophy, with a special interest in Nietzsche, which brought him in contact with Jung. When the Nazis overran France in May 1940 he was a soldier on the Maginot Line, and then fled to Switzerland where he lived for the remainder of the war. ~Thomas Kirsch, The Jungians, Page 157

If a German invasion had forced Jung to leave Switzerland during the war-and he was indeed on a Gestapo blacklist-he would have found a goodly part of his own library duplicated at the Mellon’s’ house, Oak Spring. ~William McGuire, Bollingen: An Adventure, Page 33-34

Even now I am receiving many applications from Germans who want to be treated by me. If they come from those “decent Germans” who want to foist the guilt onto a couple of men in the Gestapo, I regard the case as hopeless. ~Carl Jung, C.G. Jung Speaking: Interviews and Encounters, Pages 149-155

“He [Jung] also seemed prepared to enter into friendly relations with me, and to give up, for my sake, certain race prejudices which he had so far permitted himself to indulge.” (Freud) I have read through all of Jung’s writings prior to the date of Freud’s statement and instead of discovering any statement which might be interpreted as anti-Semitic, I have found no allusions to any Jewish factors and no derogatory remarks regarding other” racial” groups. ~Ernest Harms, C.G. Jung: Defender of Freud and the Jews, Page 14

In his attitude regarding racial and collective problems, Jung has been tragically misinterpreted, because bis basic concepts, governing his motivations, have been misunderstood. No one who has accused Jung of Fascist tendencies and of anti-Semitism has grasped what he said and meant. ~Ernest Harms, C.G. Jung: Defender of Freud and the Jews, Page 14

From the days when Jewish psychiatrists in Germany were disqualified, Jung made every attempt to help them, as he fought against anti-Semitism in general whenever it was possible to do so without endangering his own moves to help. Anyone who, like this present author, has tried to learn from Dr. Jung, must have been struck by the fine”‘ distinctions expressed through ~Ernest Harms, C.G. Jung: Defender of Freud and the Jews, Page 24

Here is another refutation of the charge of anti-Semitism against Jung: The first book he published after the Nazi rise is his volume” Wirklichkeit der Seele.” The book has 409 pages. Of these, 50 are given over to a long study by a Jewish pupil of Dr. Jung, Hugo Rosenthal, entitled” Der Typengegensatz in der jüdischen Religions-geschichte (The Typological Opposites in the History of the Jewish Religion). Certainly this also was not an action which could have been intended to win him sympathy and friendship from the Nazis, and it was not meant to do so. ~Ernest Harms, C.G. Jung: Defender of Freud and the Jews, Page 24