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Psychology and Religion

Just as the decision to become man apparently makes use of the ancient Egyptian model, so we can expect that the process itself will follow certain prefigurations.

The approach of Sophia betokens a new creation. But this time it is not the world that is to be changed; rather it is God who intends to change his own nature.

Mankind is not, as before, to be destroyed, but saved.

In this decision we can discern the “philanthropic” influence of Sophia: no new human beings are to be created, but only one, the God-man.

For this purpose a contrary procedure must be employed.

The Second Adam shall not, like the first, proceed directly from the hand of the Creator, but shall be born of a human woman.

So this time priority falls to the Second Eve, not only in a temporal sense but in a material sense as well.

On the
basis of the so-called Proto-Evangelium, the Second Eve corresponds to “the woman and her seed” mentioned in Genesis 3: 15, which shall bruise the serpent’s head.

And just as Adam was believed to be originally hermaphroditic, so “the woman and her seed” are thought of as a human pair, as the Queen of Heaven and Mother of God and as the divine son who has no human father.

Thus Mary, the virgin, is chosen as the pure vessel for the coming birth of God.

Her independence of the male is emphasized by her virginity as the sine qua non of the process.

She is a “daughter of God” who, as a later dogma will establish, is distinguished at the outset by the privilege of an immaculate conception and is thus free from the taint of original sin.

It is therefore evident that she belongs to the state before the Fall. This posits a new beginning.

The divine immaculateness of her status makes it immediately clear that she not only bears the image of God in undiminished purity, but, as the bride of God, is also the incarnation of her prototype, namely Sophia.

Her love of mankind, widely emphasized in the ancient writings, suggests that in this newest creation of his Yahweh has allowed himself to be extensively influenced by Sophia.

For Mary, the blessed among women, is a friend and intercessor for sinners, which all men are.

Like Sophia, she is a mediatrix who leads the way to God and assures man of immortality.

Her Assumption is therefore the prototype of man’s bodily resurrection.

As the bride of God and Queen of Heaven she holds the place of the Old Testament Sophia. ~Carl Jung, Psychology and Religion, Para 626.