Many people even in our day are convinced that there is no such thing as the unconscious mind. They think that the human mind, the human psyche, is just the conscious and its contents, and that beyond that there is nothing but physiology, namely, peculiar processes in the brain cells. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 61

Now you see this unconscious mind is not complete darkness, an indefinite field of things we do not know. We can make out something about it in an indirect way, namely, by means of those materials of our consciousness which clearly derive from somewhere else than from this visible world of experience. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 61

Psychic processes must have a certain intensity in order to reach consciousness. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 62

Beyond this we have the collective unconscious, which is of entirely different quality and structure, something we have never acquired; it is born with us, came into the world with us, born within the brain structure; something which is identical with the structure of the instincts. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 62

This term [Archetype] is of very ancient origin. You will find it in the writings of Pythagoras. It was frequently used in the centuries immediately before Christ, and immediately after. Later Saint Augustine took it up again, and there I got it. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 62

Now these archetypes are, as I say, a form of instinct. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 62

They [Archetypes] are really identical with the “eternal ideas” of Plato. They are the archetypal or image world, by means of which we are able to grasp the world at all so that we are not absolute strangers here. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 62

The dream is a natural product like an apple on a tree, like an animal, made by nature, not by man. We could say therefore just as well that dreams are not made by man. They are not made at all. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 64

However, we have evidence that makes it highly probable that the unconscious is a continuous process without beginning or end. In other words, we can’t apply categories like beginning, end, causality to it. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 64

The dream itself has a beginning and an end, but that is not the same as the process underlying it. The dream is a series of representations that more or less incidentally become conscious. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 64

We must assume that the dream process, that process that causes a dream to be, that carries a dream, takes place continuously as a stream of psychical life that happens in us or which we contact. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 64

That occurrence which is represented in a dream is just one event in the stream of psychic events that goes on all the time. So you can catch a dream even in the daytime, when you are conscious. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 65

Now ethnologists often call this the sun wheel, but I must draw attention to the fact that this sun wheel was made when no wheels had been invented. The wheel is a late invention of man, dating from the Neolithic age. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 67

Plato says that the primordial man who was the complete man, the perfect man, was an all-round being, who had four arms and four legs and being hermaphrodite, when cut apart, made man and woman. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 67

In Western philosophy it is the so-called vas Hermeticus, which is an alchemical vessel in which transformation or transubstantiation occurs. It is the equivalent of the Christian chalice in which transubstantiation in the communion takes place. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 68

You see these conflicts are given by nature. They are a collision of instincts. If that were not so, if we had no conflict, then we would have no energy. Energy is only to be found where there is opposition. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 68

For one must make that differentiation between an individual or personal meaning and a general meaning. Those symbols which are of an archetypal nature have a general meaning that can be established apart from a personal psychology. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 69

So the Roman emperors, and also the old Babylonian kings, wore mantles bedecked with stars like the medals or orders of today. This is the last remnant of the idea that an individual can be made into a cosmic being—into a sun. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 69

People always think I invent them [Dream Symbols]. It is merely their fathomless ignorance that makes them talk like that. If they had a little knowledge of the history of the human mind they would be aware that I am talking about things very well known in certain quarters. Only they have never come across them. That is their funeral. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 68

Therefore the Greeks call those that are following us, the invisible ones whose presence we dimly divine, the synopadoi, which means “those who are following us from behind,” the name for the demons who always accompany man. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 70

I have had this experience in the Alps, and in the bush in Africa. In primitive nature, there is nothing human, and you become aware of the presence of the collective unconscious. It is not a nice feeling exactly; you feel observed, you feel observed from behind. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 70

At night many people become suspicious of invisible presences; they hear a little noise somewhere. That is an old instinct. It is due to the working of the archetypes in the unconscious, which come to life when there is silence. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 70

But the unconscious puts it nicely: for the sake of politeness you should give room to those behind you. There is nothing to be afraid of, but please be polite to the invisible presences. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 71

Also like the sea, the unconscious has a certain rhythm which has much to do with the phases of the moon so that those people who are inundated by the unconscious are called lunatics. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 71

The unconscious behaves as if it were not in you; it constellates your reaction as if it were outside of you. So you never suspect its presence; you assume it is somewhere else. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 72

You are always convinced it is somewhere else; it is in this or that object. Everybody has a so-called black beast, the bête noire the animal. Your best enemy is always in someone else, naturally. You find, for instance, your own blackness always somewhere else. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 72

When the Romans founded a new city, they made this so-called circle, a furrow, the sulcus primogenitus, which they drew with the plow. Perhaps you read in the newspapers that when Mussolini founded a new town in the palatinate swamps he made the circle with a motor plow, in modern fashion. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 74

So time is a dragon that chases its own tail. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 75

The zodiac is represented as a great serpent carrying zodiacal signs upon his back. Even Christ, who symbolizes the year of the church, is the serpent carrying twelve constellations upon his back, understood to be the twelve disciples, according to old church symbolism. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 75

Does complete individuation do away with conflicts?

Dr. Jung: That would mean you would come to a complete standstill. Individuation, on the contrary, means intense consciousness of conflict. You never will be saved from conflict as long as you live, otherwise you would be dead before you die. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 80

Individuation simply means you find your place amidst the turmoil; you keep yourself in the midst of the conflict; you are in the conflict yet above it. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 80

Question: How may one cultivate deeper awareness of the unconscious?

Dr. Jung: Don’t cultivate it. The unconscious comes to you. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 80

I often say to my patients, “It does not matter what I say; it is important that I say something, that I am there, that I am on the spot with you. That is the thing that really counts.” ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 81

I often do not know what I am going to say, but what I say helps. I simply react, and if I am doing that, that is real therapeutic art. If I should map out some plan as to how to cure the patient, that would be a big mistake because it would be arbitrary and calculated, something which has nothing to do with reality. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 81

So the role of that doctor was in a way very important, as was the fact that she was a woman. She produced that substance or that secret which is characteristic of women, namely, a productive force, a pregnancy force. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 81

The woman doctor could sympathize with that man, which gave body to his suspended thoughts. He had thoughts, but they had no body. The woman can unconsciously give body to his thought so that it comes to earth, becomes visible. That is the extraordinary effect a woman can have on a man. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 81

Nothing is better for carrying the germ of man’s thoughts than a woman. She is made for that by nature. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 81

The rotation [Mandala] to the left is always unfavorable and has much to do with magic. It is very interesting, for instance, that the German symbol of the swastika is turned anticlockwise. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 82.

The physicists tell you something you don’t even understand, so you can assume nobody understands what matter really is, but still objective existence is a thing in itself, quite apart from man’s mind. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 83

Every word you say about matter is psychological, so the whole thing comes down finally to the fact that our world, in so far as we can experience it, is a psychical experience, an image, and as such, necessarily psychical. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 83

If you study classical Chinese philosophy you will see that there are certain psychological facts which prove, or which make it at least most probable, that you can explain the world without the principle of causality. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 83

That concept of the soul has nothing to do with the Christian concept of a metaphysical soul, which is rather a philosophical notion than anything else. This term anima is more a primitive notion, namely, it is a soul; it is not the soul, it is a soul; and I call it a primitive notion because primitives hold that you have more than one soul. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 85

You have several, up to six, or perhaps more [Souls], and at times a soul can leave you and wander away in the night and get lost, and in the morning you discover that you have lost a soul, not the soul, but a soul, a part of yourself, a part of your personality. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 85

I could quote you texts of the sixteenth century where a man says, speaking of that anima, “That is called Eve; man is Adam, and that is his Eve, whom he always carries with him inside, in se circumfert. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 85

Maya is sometimes wrongly translated as illusion, for that illusion is very real, it is made of maya, of building material, made of earth or stone or wood. That is the material with which this goddess works. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 85

It is a companion of the Chinese belief in earth. We are made of earth, which is reality; we cannot jump out of our skins and become air-like beings as long as we are alive. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 87

So one could say the animal is the most pious of all creatures because it fulfills the will of God. It has also a psychology of a kind which is not human. It is below the human, you would say, but inasmuch as it is below, it is also above the human. The animal represents the will of the Deity. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 88

We all contain a pattern which neither we nor anyone else knows about. It is a basic pattern born with us, which only becomes known to us through what we do. Only in our deeds do we appear. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 89

Our fate comes to us because we are it, and the ultimate results of our lives will show quite clearly what we have always been, what we were when we were born. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 89

When I have to deal with a child I always talk to the mother and make her more or less responsible, or I take both parents. A child cannot account for a neurosis; the child does not need the neurosis; it is the parents who need it. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 90

The Egyptians could not conceive of an entirely bodiless spirit, they assumed that the soul is partially body, and they named it Ka. The ka was a sort of semi-material soul that dwelt in the tomb with the mummy. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 90

…we have to go down into that period of our life when we experienced these things, which clearly show us that we are bodies, like the animals, not quite human yet. The unconscious is like an animal; and we have to carry with us this weight, the shadow that follows us. We do not have to climb with it to heaven. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 91

If he can acknowledge that his sun has a shadow, then he is in the position of the old alchemists who can make gold. They say you can make gold out of the sun and its shadow. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 92

As a rule, I consider the representations in dreams, the so-called symbols, as individual creations, and I would not attach any fixed meaning to such images. There are, however, certain exceptions. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 98

I have not invented that story. Christ certainly went up to heaven, as you can read in the Bible, and he also went to hell, of which the Catholic Church made a very great story. He spent three days in hell, which was most significant. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 98

But a parental image does not produce any authority in the unconscious; on the contrary, it only produces rebellion. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 99

When a voice of authority appears in dreams, it is by no means the voice of such a father or such a mother; it is something quite different. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 99

So you see you can’t compare this authoritative voice with the voice of the parental image in the strict sense of the word. You can say it is the voice of the father perhaps, but the father is there the symbol, the image, of that authority which is innate in the unconscious. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 99

For instance, children are very much influenced by the place in which they are born, and by the climate, perhaps. Many things, unknown influences, contribute to the fashioning of a definite pattern. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 99

Animus means wind. The father is often characterized by the wind, while the mother is characterized by the water, by the water of life, also by the vessel symbol, for obvious reasons. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 100

And this idea—that the hero is devoured by the dragon—is only an anticipation of the later revealed divine truth that Christ has gone down to hell to redeem even the dead. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 104

The anima is the personification of the unconscious. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 105

Libido is the term—desire—that is what makes us live. If you have no desire, you do not live; you are stagnant; you become unconscious. It is desire that makes you move. If you have a new desire, a new hope, a new outlook, you move. It is energy. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 106

Mind you, we do not know what the unconscious is, therefore, we call it unconscious. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 106

Not up here [indicating the head], but we find that it [Unconscious] comes from down below, from lower regions of the body, usually from the center, below the diaphragm, the solar plexus. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 106

You do not make thoughts; they come to you. If the unconscious chooses to interfere with things, it can do anything it likes to do. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 107

Money is coined energy. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 110

The anima appears round, not on account of her own characteristics, but because she contains something that is round; and that is the mandala, the Self, which is round because it is complete. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 111

The Rosicrucian movement began within Protestantism and is a development from medieval alchemy. Its point of view is really very modern; it contains the mandala symbolism. . ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 141

I made an observation that animals play no role in the New Testament. Of course, there is plenty of animal symbolism, but that is not what I mean. Animals don’t play a role in their own character as animals; they are merely used as symbols. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 141

Even Saint Augustine in one of his sermons has to say to his congregation, “Not this sun is the Lord, but the One who has made it.” These cases illustrate the transition from pure sun worship to the worship of a creative spirit who is the maker of the sun. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 142

Scholasticism was a form of education enabled thinkers to detach their spiritual ideas from objects. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 142

We have again become rather concrete, so that we are often unable to think without objects, to think by ourselves, as it were; because when we touch upon the object we project our unconscious thought into it giving it a value it does not possess in itself. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 143

You see in psychology you have an invisible object, for thoughts themselves are the object of psychology, and when you deal with invisible things which you cannot touch, then you easily begin to imagine that you are dealing with mere inventions. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 143

While the mind was going forward with the development of Christian civilization, the anima went backward into late antiquity, and so there arose a tremendous split coincident with the Reformation and the Renaissance. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 143

As long as you can explain yourself, at least to me, and I nod my head and show a sort of instinctive   understanding, at least you are not crazy. But at the moment you cannot explain yourself anymore and run away in a panic of your own thoughts; then you are crazy, and no one can catch you back. You have left modern society. You could not, you did not want to explain yourself anymore, and that is the serious thing. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 148

We should understand the primitive very thoroughly in order to understand the so-called psychotic experience, because it is an experience of primeval man, of the caveman. The mental structure of our mind is always threatened by the chaos of primitive nature and its terrors. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 148

In the early medieval church they respected the carnivals and celebrated them even in the monasteries; brothers became abbots and celebrated Mass, and instead of singing sacred hymns, they sang all sorts of chansons de la rue, very obscene ones. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 151

Time is created by our clocks which express a certain relationship of the earth to the stars, but we do not know whether time is something real in itself. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 161-162

When you only see with the intellect you do not know how to live reality at all; you can only live as if you were in a picture. If things are real, however, and you experience that reality, then you are in it and something can happen to you. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 163

Feeling opposes the intellect, they never agree; otherwise they would become contaminated, impure; and sensation opposes intuition. Sensation is the concept of reality and intuition of possibilities. If you are intuitive, you do not perceive reality. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 165

Possibilities can never be perceived at the same time as reality. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 165

So to the intuitive, reality is the dead thing from which he escapes as soon as possible into a possibility, in order to get away from that odious reality; but sensation keeps him down to reality. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 165

Intuition makes us jump realities; sensation is afraid of possibilities, afraid that this reality might be something we would want to change. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 165

Shadow implies that there is a source of light in front of your body which casts a shadow behind you. The source of light is consciousness. Consciousness like light casts a shadow. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 171

When you are conscious that you are not an angel and that you really have some very dark sides to yourself, then you can assume that you have no repressions, that you yourself are human, the human animal, or the human beast. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 171

Those people who are always telling other people what they should do are unaware of their own shadow. They are like a man who leans over his garden wall and tells his neighbor all about his weeds, while his own garden is overgrown with weeds. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 172

Well, you see the collective unconscious according to our knowledge and experience is a more or less static thing, but it is most probable that each period of time, each epoch, deposits a new stratum in the unconscious. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 174

There is something like racial or geographical differentiation in the unconscious. It is quite possible, for instance, that the Christian layer in the collective unconscious is a reality, that the Christian epoch has already left a certain deposit which is indestructible; something permanent remains. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 174

Then if you are the kind of person who is little inclined to accept or to integrate such an ancestral character, you will be born with a split personality. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 173

Of course, this is also a communion, because you eat the flesh in the Communion in order to integrate Christ into your system. You integrate the immortal, incorruptible flesh into yourself in order to transform yourself. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 173

It is a foolish idea that we made the psyche, or that it is our own invention. This is the morbidity of our age; our consciousness has detached itself so much from its background that it assumes that whatever happens in us is made by our psyche, that we make it. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 175

With us, as you know, only lunatics hear voices, but if one is careful enough and observes critically, then one can make a distinction between the thoughts that are really our own and the thoughts that are intrusions. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 175

So you see to a certain extent it is necessary that a woman should be analyzed by a man as well as a woman, in order to be complete. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 177

In the realm of thought there are no consequences, unless you have a particular passion to make things real. Very few people have that; instead they use the mind as a safe refuge or as a safety valve. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 178

We make the government father and mother. The state has an enormous udder, and everybody sucks, and nobody realizes that the state is a legend and does not really exist as a separate being; it is a mere abstraction. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 179

Governments do not exist; they are our own invention, and we think we have now invented a father or a mother to whom we can cling. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 179

Nietzsche understood that the peculiar split in Christian psychology, the split between good and evil, above and below, right and left, between God and Satan, between heaven and hell, was really due to the Persian influence in Judaism. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 183

The same phenomenon of aloneness is to be found in Goethe, who was a peculiarly lonely figure, despite his worldly life. His facial expression showed this. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 183

Goethe was an extraordinarily lonely man because he was a superior man, and to be superior is to be like a mountain that is higher than the surrounding mountains, that is, to be isolated. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 183

But a full life involves risk, danger; for whoever is near to the fire might get burnt; whoever is near to the water might get drowned. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 191

The Chinese mind in many ways represents the unconscious of the West. I often wonder whether many Western traits might not be discovered in the composition of the Chinese unconscious. I am not sure about it, but it is quite certain that our unconscious contains a lot of Chinese ways, manners, and similes, and so forth. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 195

As the Oxyrhynchus Papyrus says, “Know thyself,” learn to know, or try to know, thyself, make the effort to know thyself, because you are the city, which means yourself, the Self in you. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 195

This is the dweller, and this is the house of the dweller. “He is the house and the dweller in the house,” as the Gnostics say. These ideas are well known practically as far back as the seventeenth century. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 200

You know in our deplorable imitation of these Eastern things, in theosophy, we do the same thing. Even in the Rama Krishna movement, the most modern form of Yoga practice, the same form used ten thousand years ago is still followed exactly. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 201

What are ancestral souls psychologically? The souls of which we consist…Somewhere out of your ancestral tree, often reaching back for many centuries, certain elements may remain. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 202

How can we do missionary work? It is terribly ridiculous. It is more than ridiculous; it is a shame, because we are not Christians at all. Look at Europe that calls itself Christian! ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 204

Also according to a certain sect of the early Church, Sofia was the mother of Christ. Mary was Sofia. That means Mary was the mother of Jesus, and Sofia was the mother of Christ. And Sofia is wisdom. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 206

We cannot put ourselves entirely under the management of our unconscious, but also we have to believe in the effectiveness of the conscious; for then we can do something about the course of life although we may not be able to control it entirely. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 207

The cult of Dionysus is about eight hundred years older than that of Christ and is an orgiastic cult which came from the East and swept over Asia Minor into Greece. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 208

A struggle between the principles of the Apollonian and Dionysian religions then took place, and after a pretty long struggle Dionysus became copatron of the oracle of Delphi, which was formerly exclusively the sanctuary of Apollo. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 208

When Christianity began in the third century to spread through the Roman Empire under Constantine the Great, it really became the universal Roman Church. At that time it assimilated a great deal from other prevailing religions. It drew chiefly from the cults of Mithra and Attis, but also from the rather numerous Dionysian initiations or mystery cults. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 209

There is an excellent collection of the fish symbols and a discussion of the questions concerning this symbol in Eisler’s Orpheus the Fisher. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 210

That was the age in which things were assimilated. For instance, the origin of the Mass points quite clearly to the cult of Mithra. Excavations have shown it indubitably. You know Masses were unknown to the evangelists. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 210

The heathen influences, the religious cloth, the robes, are all ornaments of the Roman pagan priesthood. So close was the similarity in the forms of worship that even educated people of those days regarded Christ as a certain variant of Dionysus. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 210

Christianity was a religion, or is a religion, that goes clockwise, that develops into consciousness. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 211

When we study the dramatic symbolism of the Catholic Church we can see that it expresses the main process of our unconscious. So long as we can press the psyche into a form which works, it is the truth. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 211

We can translate the whole Catholic dogma into psychological language, and it fits marvelously well. That is why the old fathers were so tremendously busy building up that symbolism, because they felt its expressiveness greatly. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 211

The weakness of the Catholic standpoint is that it can never grant that anything else might also be true. Mind you, it is very true that Buddha was also true. Buddhism expresses a basic truth of the mind, otherwise it wouldn’t work. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 211

But unless you swallow the whole thing, the virgin birth, the Trinity, and everything else, it does not express your unconscious. If, however, you go beyond Christianity, well then you come into that sphere which was originally swallowed by it, namely, into Dionysian, Mithraic, and Attic symbolism. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 211

I do not know whether the dreamer has ever been to Rome, to Saint Peter’s, where there is that famous tomb of Saint Peter, with four columns covered with vines. This is really the typical altar of the temple of Dionysus taken over into the church. So you see Dionysus is hidden within. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 212

These two religions form an enormous contrast. The Christian goes toward the conscious; the Dionysian goes toward the unconscious, anticlockwise, and leads its adherents to reidentify with the animal man or the half-animal man. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 212

Life is a battle; life is full of opposites, full of conflicts. You cannot become a believer in Dionysus in your daily life; it is absolutely impossible; you can become that only within the temenos. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 215

The devil is called “God’s Ape,” the one who distorts and ridicules what God has done well and perfectly. It is always the devil’s work that distorts God’s intentions. And you know, the devil been represented as a satyr with the legs and horns of a he-goat. He is just an old priest of Dionysus. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 216

The archaic man knew that the Zarathustra experience was a religious experience and that the god really tried to enter him. But the exalted consciousness of Nietzsche, which was overwrought and identified with the figure of Zarathustra, advised him not to let the god in, but to bite his head off; but this was, of course, fatal. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 218

The unconscious is something quite different; it is the life of the soul, yet it is doing something very similar to that which the world does. For the unconscious also is a movement, due to the circumambulation of images, a constant change of images. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 219

This motif of the mandala is neither an invention nor a tradition, although in certain civilizations it has been handed down from generation to generation. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 224

You see snakes are relatively low animals. They usually represent the lower part of our psychology, that part which presumably reaches down into the spinal cord. Snakes are chiefly spinal cord animals; their brains amount to very little. So whenever snakes appear it must refer to a very deep-rooted instinct. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 226

Foxes of course are wild animals, not domesticated, difficult to tame, but when you dream of a dog it always means a form of instinctual psyche that goes with you, obeys you, is under your control, not against you. So also with horses. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 227

The horse has, however, a different meaning in that it is a working animal and so represents that instinctual psyche which produces work. It represents the energy you can apply to work. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 227

While the dog does not actually produce work, he is used for many other things, as, for example, for his particularly refined senses. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 227

If he could say, “I am just rotten; I am completely degenerate,” he would have gained something. That is the great value of the confession of sin which the Catholic Church has known for a long time. You must be able to distinguish where you are wrong and to confess it, in order to maintain your human condition. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 228

Look at the primitives—how they cure their patients. The primitive medicine man performs his mysteries and his magical ceremonies, which appear to us as a mere play on ignorance. But they rise from a psychological activity which is very meaningful and beyond consciousness. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 232

Now, these partial or fragmentary souls, these fragments of human personality are also functions. So anybody who identifies with only one function is necessarily a fragmentary personality, only a part of himself and all the other parts are missing. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 236

Certain heretics in early Christianity assumed that at the day of resurrection the soul with its glorified body would be spherical. According to the Symposium of Plato, the original man was round, spherogenous, meaning perfect. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 237

So you see, a man’s feminine side can be a very obnoxious thing. If it gets on top of him it makes him moody. We call that state “animosity.” ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 240

We aren’t 100 percent masculine. If we are men, we have so much in common with women that during a certain period in our embryonic life as far as any outward evidence would show, we might have turned into females. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 240

Rather does “redemption,” in the sense of Erlösung, consist in a complete devotion, in a conscious submission to the facts as they are, to that which you are. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 242

You see we always turn up our noses at things we do not understand and think they are very stupid, projecting our own idiocy, which is of course easier than to grapple with such a problem. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 243

But nature isn’t simple. Nature has always been the greatest problem to man, and we never shall arrive at the complete truth about it; still we have to cope with it. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 243

The mind is so bound up with the body that we must assume that it is also a self-regulating system which will presumably follow exactly the same laws as the body. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 245

So the analyst who deals with dreams must needs have a certain education; he must possess a solid knowledge of historical symbology, otherwise he does not know what big dreams are nor where archetypal material shines forth. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 246

Objective psychology is not what people know in the conscious mind about themselves. You would not assume that when a man says, “I know my heart is here,” that he has any knowledge of anatomy. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 247

It is a great mistake to think that feeling consists of emotions. Emotions are states that have you, but if you have feeling, you have the feeling; the feeling does not have you. If it has you, it is an emotion. Mark that difference. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 267

So usually this change [Individuation] begins at about thirty-five or thirty-six or thirty-seven, sometimes even later. There are exceptions, of course, but as far as I have seen, these have to do with young people who have a very short life, who will die in a relatively short time. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 267

There are plenty of lunatics with the most wonderful individuation dreams, and nothing comes of it because there is nobody home. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 267

Young saints and mystics make no exception. They also belong to humanity and follow the general rules, for saintliness, like any other gift of nature, has nothing to do with the problem of individuation… ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 267

So you see there is a sort of inborn imprint in us, not only through the Christian era, but also through immeasurably old antiquity, that the gods, or certain gods, usually the highest gods, appear as three. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 270

That is not only so in our ancestry; it is the same in Egypt, and with the primitives, while in the East you have the Trimurti. But the four is not only a modern invention, it is a very important item in medieval symbology. It insinuated itself into the Christian cult very early. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 271

In medieval manuscripts, usually of an early time, the seventh or eighth century—well, I know one that is even twelfth century—the Evangelists appear as human figures with animal heads, exactly like the four sons of Horus. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 271

We find exactly the same development in Lamaism, where the four are no more the four directions of space, the cardinal points of the horizon, which presumably they were originally, but have also developed into the idea of psychological functions. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 271

“Yes, you can make your sign of the cross, you can use that apotropaic gesture, but do it please in a fourfold way,” as if that were better or more efficient. At all events, the unconscious succeeds in slipping in the idea of the four over against the three. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 271

Now you see, the tree is an archaic symbol which always designates a process of inner growth. Therefore the tree is used as a symbol in Yoga, the Yoga Tree. Also it was used in Paradise, to lay a trap for the first parents, while the Arbor Philosophica, the philosophical tree, is a well-known symbol in the medieval Hermetic philosophy. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 272

And so the serpent, as the representative of the spinal cord, is an apt symbol to express the fact that our head, our brain, or our consciousness had detached itself pretty thoroughly from its instinctual basis. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 273

So, you see, these Cabiri, being the fragmentary personifications of the unconscious, are really the ones who bring up the precious symbol called the “round thing” or the “gold” or the “Golden Fleece.” ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 274

Here we have the absolute evidence that in alchemistic thought the greenness is the leprosity, the skin disease of the metal, and the oxide is the substance from which the philosophical gold is derived. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 274

Many of those old philosophers had found out that there is no real philosophy if you don’t face the anima, so many of them had a so-called soror mystica, a friend in God, a woman friend. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 275

Women played a very great role in the early al-chemist tracts. There were quite a number of them: for instance, one of the oldest is Maria the Jewess, or Maria the Egyptian; then Paphnutia; then Zosimos dedicated his works, or addressed his works, as if they were written to this woman friend, his soror mystica, Theosebeia. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 275

After the world had been created and the human beings therein, he [Hermes Trismegistos,] created a wonderful vessel, a krater, and filled it with nous, with mind. The word nous is the equivalent of pneuma, which is the word for spirit; he filled it with spirit. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 276

This is like the early Christians who went down into the piscina, into the baptismal water, and came out reborn, being now pneumatikoi, spiritual beings, new, changed, immortal beings. This means substance transformed into a noble substance. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 276

This is the great difficulty: the ordinary mind can only think one thing and cannot at the same time think the other thing. He cannot think of a thing that is and is not, for that is impossible; but the man of superior mind is superior only because he can think in paradoxes. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 281

You see, these little dwarfs [Cabiri], whose power is so great, being the unconscious functions, the real foundations of the structure of our conscious personality, these ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 196-197

You know integration or individuation or concentration of human personality does not happen in a schematic way, but in a rather complicated and individual way, so individual as a matter of fact, that it is exceedingly difficult to find a rule or a regular course for it. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 288

Perhaps you know the Tarot cards, by which the gypsies prophesy. They are descendants of the mystery pictures, and the twenty-one picture cards of the Tarot will give you an idea of such a sequence of images. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 288

Now usually the process of individuation begins with a very decisive experience, namely, you fall down through your most differentiated function; you meet with a situation you can’t handle. An intuitive will discover that he always overlooks reality; he walks over it or stumbles upon it. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 289

The Gnostics, the Christian Ophites, took Christ to be the serpent in Paradise, the One who was sent by the Father of the spiritual world to teach consciousness to the first unconscious human pair in Paradise. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 290

Their [Christian Ophites] teaching is that the creator of the visible physical world, the Demiurgos, Jehovah, was an inferior daemon who had created an incomplete and very imperfect world. On the seventh day he took his seat in a high place and complacently looked down at the creation and found it very well done. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 291

Their [Christian Ophites] Christ was an apparition in the form of the serpent, and they had communion with the serpent on the table. They had a special gospel, the so-called Gospel of the Egyptians, in which there is the famous dialogue between Christ and Salome. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 291

I began to seek in the literature to find out whether these four were understood to be psychological functions, and I found such a text, the Bardo Thodol, the so-called Tibetan Book of the Dead. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 291

We never get away from archetypal patterns; they are simply structural elements of our mind, and if we try to explain psychology in terms that do not fit the mental structure, we have not explained the human mind. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 293

Dreams don’t tell you what you should do with them [Mandalas], and they don’t give you advice. The dream is not a sort of well-meaning teacher, a father, or something like that, who tells you what you ought to do. The dream is a symptom, a manifestation, a natural event.  ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 293

Psychology, the psychological process, is a piece of nature. It is like a plant, like a tree or an animal; and you have to study its nature if you want to know anything about it and draw your conclusions. There is no “ought to.” ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 294

So you see, anybody who has good luck in the world, who is successful, is always in the greatest danger of becoming a two-dimensional personality, namely, one who has lost his shadow. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 297

Many people are always busy rubbing out their shadow, so that they are only a façade with nothing behind it. Of course the shadow can never disappear to such an extent that nobody can see it. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 297

The fact that my dreamer is now confronted with that black anima and that he can stand it, and can remain there, and doesn’t run away from that side, is a great step forward, because it will help him to understand something more about himself, namely, he will now learn of what that dark anima really consists. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 297

You know, we always criticize other people in the most severe way when they have the nerve to impersonate ourselves because they always impersonate the backyard of our consciousness, and that always gets our goat quite particularly. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 298

Now this living matter, this primordial matter, ought to be vivified, ought to be transformed from a sort of dormant condition into an active, flourishing, or developing condition, and therefore, it ought to be impregnated by the anima mundi. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 300

We could say, doing no violence to the text, that Hermes was the nous, the Mind in the vessel of the mind. We find in this dream the original Earth of Paradise, the original chaotic massa confusa. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 300

The three that excludes the fourth is, of course, clearly the formulation of a masculine mind. All these things have been formulated by men’s minds, though there were quite a number of women active in alchemy, but because the whole problem was then projected into matter, it was immaterial what the formulations were because no person was implicated. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 301

Then, most probably, the air is excluded, because, you see, a woman, by her natural constitution and her whole creative faculty, her ability to create and build up bodies, belongs more to the earth, and her trouble is the air, and the animus, being the wind, the air, the pneuma, would be the inferior function, which, as a rule, is projected into the father. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 305

Making a composition or compound of man and his shadow is a particularly important act, as if it were the decisive thing, and we can really understand it because when a man can see his dark side, he then becomes complete. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 305

As soon as a man can accept his shadow, he can dismiss his anima; similarly a woman, when she accepts her other side, doesn’t need to have any animus. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 305

But as long as you have the shadow in the unconscious, nothing can happen because it is a blight; it destroys; nothing can grow. As soon as the unconscious is released from something which really belongs to yourself and which you can take care of, the unconscious can function in a proper way and then it is creative. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 305

Science is a transitory phenomenon, while the idea of immortality or something equivalent to it is an age-old problem of man that surely won’t die out, because it is an archetypal idea. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 307

And, you see, whether we are really immortal or not doesn’t matter at all. It is, at all events, not left to your decision; we have nothing to say about it. The only important thing is whether we are gripped by the idea, overcome by it, or not. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 307

That is another insight into the Christian mystery. And what happens when you don’t confess an external Christ and an external crucifixion, it is a crucifixion that happens to you in that place where you are the most sensitive, where you believe the most in yourself. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 309

There are plenty of people right here whose inferior function is sensation, and they stumble over those awful realities like cooks and clothing and household and I don’t know —perhaps husbands!  ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 237

People are living at the present day who don’t belong in our age but who belong one hundred or five hundred or a thousand years hence. Such people are not easily understood. Advanced minds don’t exactly belong in our time. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 237-238

When you look back there were fairly modern people in the past who did not belong in their age. So you see humanity is a very complicated thing, that is, with individuals living at levels corresponding to periods distributed over perhaps twenty thousand years. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 238

That democracy is quite good for social purposes, but nature is not like that. Nature is thoroughly aristocratic, and she distributes people in different ages and different layers of intelligence, of modernity, so that the real structure of society looks quite different if viewed from a psychological angle. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 238

We can say that to be unconscious is a pretty blissful condition. It would be quite nice if the unconscious were something which didn’t move, which produced nothing; but when all our conscious functions drop into the unconscious, a condition results which Janet called an “abaissement du niveau mental.” ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 241

In crossing the street, for example, we observe a certain ritual. Our taboos are represented by the police, by laws, by notices, in which it is forbidden to do this or that. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 241

So I hold that when the missionaries convert such people to Christianity and tell them that it is sufficient if they go to church on Sunday and sing hymns, they have deprived them of the only means of becoming conscious, and what they substitute is not sufficient. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 241

Missionaries are doing everything under the sun to remove their fears from the poor primitives, as if you could relieve humanity from fear. You would do humanity a poor service if you could, for that is the only thing that keeps people in reasonable form. There must be fear. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 241

So, when primitives undergo the influence of Christian education, they degenerate. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 241

We like to think that our human relations are chiefly based upon our achievements; for instance, upon our differentiated functions. That is what we wish to believe; but as a matter of fact, real human relations are based upon our inferior function. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 243

Where we are really related is where we are really dependent; but we hate to acknowledge it. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 243

There is plenty of evidence in the Germanic sagas of warriors who, in the heat of battle, suddenly turned into bears, which means they lost consciousness and became animal-like and behaved as if they were bears, developing supernatural animal powers. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 245

Then, in that underworld, behind the animal, much deeper than the animal, going back, one could say, down the long corridor of the history of animals until he arrives as it were at the mineral kingdom, he discovers the stone. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 245

Many intuitive people, and others as well, are in such a predicament clinging to the illusion that anything is still possible. And so, they hover above fate. They are hanging in the air always promising themselves that anything may happen. Suddenly one says that they discover that they are just going to celebrate their fortieth birthday, or something of the sort, and then they come down with a bang. Up to then, no realization had taken place because they always lived in a state of suspension. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 249

We can’t assume any more that the Son of God appeared in the flesh. Millions of people believe this as a fact, and we must not disturb them in such a belief. That belief is perfectly all right as long as people belong, say two thousand years ago, but we have layers of population that belong not only two thousand years back, but perhaps five thousand, six thousand, or eight thousand years ago. They still walk about among us: we still have cavemen. ~Carl Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process, Page 237