Sabina Spielrein (1885-1942)
Sabina Spielrein was born the eldest of four children in Rostov on Don.
Her father, Nikolai Spielrein was a wealthy Russian-Jewish businessman and her mother Eva Luyblinskaja had studied dentistry, practiced this profession is not enough.
Sabina Spielrein attended until 1904, the girls’ school in Rostov.During her school years, showed symptoms of “psychotic hysteria” so that their parents brought them in 1904, according to the Zurich psychiatric clinic Burgholzli.
She was treated by Carl Gustav Jung and 1905 as released from the hospital cured.
That same year she began to study medicine at the University of Zurich, she continued her analysis with Jung continued privately.
1911 Sabina Spielrein doctorate on the psychological content of a case of schizophrenia, it was the first psychoanalytically oriented dissertation of a woman.
They then traveled to Munich to Vienna, where she met with Freud in October 1911 and member of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society was.
1912 Sabina Spielrein published important theoretical writing, the destruction as the cause of becoming.
In it she took Freud’s reflections on the death instinct in advance, the later in Beyond the Pleasure Principle referred to them.
They formulated the hypothesis that the sex drive is composed of a positive and a negative component and also career-like impulse to destroy, is analogous to biological procreation, in the union of the male with the female cell, each is destroyed by itself, so that new results.
Pleasure and anxiety are the reaction of the ego on the sexuality inherent tendency to dissolution of individuality, whereby the neurotic, the destructive component, the “death instinct” over the love of excitement outweighed.
Sabina Spielrein in 1912 married the Russian-Jewish doctor Pavel Sheftel, a years later, her daughter Renata was born.
From 1912 to 1914 she lived with her family in Berlin and published several papers on child psychoanalysis and dream analysis.
After the start of World War II she moved to Switzerland, while her husband returned to Russia.
They settled in Lausanne in 1919 and founded the psychoanalytic study group Cercle Interne.
In 1920 she moved with her daughter to Geneva and became a member of Geneva led by Edouard Claparède psychoanalytic society.
She gave lectures on psychoanalysis and pedagogy at the Institute Jean-Jacques Rousseau and has published numerous works, including several children on the basis of analytical releases of protocols from our childhood to her daughter.
In 1922 she joined the UPU in the Swiss Society of Psychoanalysis. Its most famous analysand in this period was Jean Piaget.
1923 Sabina Spielrein returned to Russia, settled in Moscow and became a member and training analyst of the Russian Psychoanalytic Society.
She held at the National Institute for Psychoanalysis lectures and seminars on child analysis, and worked as a doctor at the clinic.
She was also Head of the Department of child psychology at Moscow University and fellow at the of Vera Schmidt -run children’s home laboratory.
Sabina Spielrein was a pioneer of child psychoanalysis and cognitive and language scientifically based psychoanalysis.
One of her priorities was to explore children’s thought and language. She developed the thesis that there are autistic and social languages, which evolved from the latter the former.
In 1923 she gave several lectures in Zurich, Geneva and Moscow on the subject of aphasia. In their view, have to occur in aphasia thought disorder analogies to the early childhood thinking.
Eighteen months after her return to the USSR Sabina Spielrein moved into her home city of Rostov was living again with her husband and got 1926 their second daughter, Eve.She was on prophylactic as Pädologin school clinic, where she conducted screening for early detection of developmental disorders, as well as a doctor at the Psychiatric Clinic.Following the ban on Pädologie 1936 she worked as a school doctor.
Although psychoanalysis was banned in the Soviet Union, she continued her psychoanalytic work continued until the early 1940s.
1942, after the capture of Rostov by the German Wehrmacht, was Sabina Spielrein and killed their daughters along with the rest of Rostov Jews by the SS-Sonderkommand