To Samuel D. Schmalhausen

Dear Sir, 19 October 1934

Thank you very much for kindly sending me your interesting book.

From the psychological point of view it is important to look at the problem of further development of man from the standpoint of collective influences as well as from his individual standpoint.

Being a doctor I’m naturally concerned with the suffering individual and not with the Marx movement.

What the Marx movement can do to man you can only study where this movement really influences the individual, as f.i. in Russia or in Germany or in Italy.

There always are and there always will be the two standpoints, the standpoint of the social leader who, if he is an idealist at all. seeks salvation in a more or less complete suppression of the individual, and the leader of minds who seeks improvement in the individual only.

I don’t see the way to a reconciliation between the two since they are necessary pairs of opposites which keep the world in balance.

Sincerely yours,

C.G. Jung ~Carl Jung, Letters Vol. 1, Page 174.