Modern Psychology: C. G. Jung’s Lectures at the ETH Zürich, 1933-1941

Chart III (p. 64) Sigmund Freud.

We will take this world-wide celebrity as a further example.

His summit is reached in the sphere of objective ideas.

His idea in itself is the only salvation, he does not allow other people’s ideas to exist, and he thus cuts himself off from the rest of humanity.

He no longer handles the idea, it handles him, thus he reaches enthusiasm in Right V.

Freud is the psychologist of the complexes, so his curve is high in Left II.

If it were higher one would have to call him neurotic, but this would not be justified.

We can only say that he is very much concerned with complexes and is keenly aware of the negative side of the unconscious.

The shadow is Freud’s disclosure, his fullest consciousness on the Left is in I and he revealed his discoveries in this sphere to an astonished and shocked Europe!

Freud found out that neurotics must be regarded as individuals.

He also realized that as an explorer he had to be able to be subjective, for you can only induce the patient to declare his standpoint when you can tell him what you yourself think of him.

This is a chart where the curve of consciousness is unbroken, it is continuous on the Right side and runs through the centre, but the light ends in Left II.

Therefore everything on the Left is explained by the Right and every fact on the Left side beyond the sphere of the complexes, that is from Left III to Left V, is handled negatively.

Owing to the sphere of consciousness from which he views it, he must be unable to understand religious experience; so when a patient brings him a vision, or he reads of mystics and artists, it is inevitable that he should explain them as complexes. Left IV and Left V do not exist for him, so God is only a complex. ~Carl Jung, Modern Psychology, Vol. 1, Page 66.