Man unconsciously transforms objects or forms into symbols and expresses them in both his religion and visual arts. The intertwined history of religion and art, reaching back to prehistoric times, is the record that our ancestors have left of the symbols that were meaningful and moving to them. Even today, as modern painting and sculpture show, the interplay of religion and art is still alive. ~Carl Jung, Memories Dreams and Reflections.
The recurring motifs which illustrate the presence and nature of symbolism in art are symbols of stone, the animal, the circle and the spiral. Each of these has had an enduring psychological significance from the earliest expressions of human consciousness to the most sophisticated form of 20th century art. ~Carl Jung, Memories Dreams and Reflections
The emphasis on the ‘spirit’ in much sculpture is one indication of the shifting, indefinable borderline between religion and art.
Sometimes one cannot be separated from the other as it appears in age-old works of art: the symbol of the animal ~Carl Jung, Memories Dreams and Reflections.
Image: Prehistoric drawings of horses from Chauvet Cave.